BOOK 24 Page A

Assessment for the year 1919 as follows: horses 47, cattle 53, farm implements, grain none only for feed & seed household goods, hogs none, 3 pigs, wagons, bugies, harness, poultry 3 doz.

Page 4 Book 24

George Langenbahn Recipe for Cureing Pork.

To each 100 weight 1/2 oz salt peter, 4 oz sugar, brown best.

Salt 2 lbs make about enough to cover. Rubb it in well and pack it close in a barrel or box.

Page 5 Book 24 Agreement between Mel Osborn and WmKelsey in regard to the construction of that part of the Fletcher ditch in North Bend Township Stark Co. is as follows entered into on the day of the sale of the ditch for construction. August 1914 at Knox, Ind. We were to share equal the profit after all expense was born. Each party to contribute to the construction of the ditch and expense during the construction. July 24 Mel Osborn and I went to Bippus, Ind. and Sweester, Ind. to purchase tile. Later on first expense. The tile was purchased of the Bippus tile Co. for 975.00 delivered at Monterey, Ind. The first case was 16 inch tile Mel Osborn halled out 7 loads of the first car and I halled out 237 tile each load. See page 6 of Dr. Kelsey's halling tile and Page 7 of M. Osborns halling tile.

Page 6 Book 24

Tile halled by Dr. Kelsey from Monterey, Ind. on the Fletcher tile ditch as follows. 1915

Aug. 17, halled 1 load, Aug. 18, halled 2 load, Aug. 19, halled 3 load, Aug. 20, halled 1 load, Aug. 23, halled 4 load, Aug. 24, halled 2 load, Aug. 28, halled 6 load, Aug. 30, halled 4 load, Sept. 1, halled 2 load, Sept. 2, halled 4 load, Sept. 3 halled 3 load, Sept. 4, 4 load, Sept. 6, halled 2 load, Sept. 9, halled 3 load, Sept.10, halled 3 load, Halled out 1 load of 12 inch tile on lower end of Widner ditch. Halled 1 load of 16 inch tile from North part of Ranch halled 1 load of 14 inch from North part of the Ranch. Halled tile in the Widner marsh one 1/2 days and distributed them and cut out a road through marsh. Halled 45 loads of tile from Monterey. 90.00.

Page 7 Book 24 Mel Osborn halled tile out on Fletcher ditch as follows:

First car 7 loads. Second car 2 loads, 3 car 5 loads 26, 3 loads, 27, 3 loads. 28, 3 loads.
Making 28 loads up to the 28 of Aug. 1915. 30 halled 2 loads. Sept. l, 1 load, Sept 2, 2 loads, Sept. 3, 5 loads, Sept. 4, 2 loads, Sept. 9, 2 loads, Sept. 10, 3 loads 12 & 14. This makes 41 loads up to Sept. 10, 1915 There was some shifting of tile on the ditch by M. Osborn. I have no Oct. of halled 41 loads of tile from Monterey. 82.00

Page 8 Book 24

Dr. Wm Kelsey's account for freight and work done by hands as follows. l916

Aug 17 Freight $15.18

Aug. 20 15.40

Sept 1, " on 2 cars 31.24

Box to lay tile 3.75

Lumber off of building .50

John Rock 67.75

C. A. Hale 58.25

Harry Rock 25.25

Wes Hiland 41/2 days 7.50 +15cts.

S. Collins on Fletcher ditch 11.89

Collins on Widner arm 14.75

81/2 days

Wes Hiland on Widner arm 67.00

1915 Aug. 13 Surely Copland one day 1.50

Furnished 25- 12 inch tile

17 -16 inch tile 4.50

23 -14 inch tile 5.50

Halled one load of

rock at lower end of 1.50

the 16 inch tile

Helped to finish the ditch

1/2 day 2 hands 2.00

I spent considerable time in looking after the work from Sept. From Aug. 12, l915 up to the time of completion. Received a check from M. Osborn for $400.00 to apply on our ditch contract. Apr. 19, 1916.

Page 11, Book 24 1916 Forecast of the result of the election.

Woodrow Wilson Nov. 7, 1916 In the event of the election Nov. 7, 1916 There will be a crisis follow in a few weeks that will disturb the business of the nation in almost every industry that employ laborers.

There will be many factories close their doors and; by so doing through out thousands of laboring people who have no way to make a living except by work.

The factories will not resume work until there is a modification of the Underwood free trade tariff law that permits goods made in foreign lands to be dumped off on the United States without paying any duty for the privilege of selling them to the consumers in the United States.

It is unreasonable for any man to argue that a protectiff tariff is not necessary to keep the various manufacturing industries in the United States in operation; with a tariff high enough on such articles that is manufactured in foreign countries same as manufactured in America, equal to the difference in the cost of labor in the foreign countries and the United States of America. From the fact that where labor is cheap the products can be made the cheapest and sold to the consumers the cheapest.

No man of good judgement will undertake the manufacturing goods or commodities in the United States where the same class of commodities are manufactured in the foreign countries for much less by reason of cheap labor and permited to be dumped off in the markets of the United States without paying a duty equal to difference in cost of producing the same class of goods in the United States and foreign countries.

It is asolutely necessary to have a protective tariff imposed on the foreign commodities that come in competition same in the United States else no man with good service will undertake to compete with the foreign manufactured products.

I am of the opinion that there will be an effort of the President and the Democratic Congress to restore the tariff many articles that the duty was taken off because the tariff for revenue only a dismal failure that has been made plain to the President and to the hide bound free traders. The Democratic leaders are enabled to understand that the free trade doctrine was a great Humbug.. The gang is now ready to crawfish.

The next foolish thing that Wilson and his Humbuging legislator will do is to place an embargo on the foreign good that will be shipped to the chosen of the United States that would destructive to the manufacturing industies of the United States if permitted to be dumped off without paying a duty on same as would be under a protective tariff such as was in existence before the Democratic Congress and President tinkered with it and enacted the Underwood Tariff law for Revenue only.

The embargo proposition will not satisfy the manufacturers of the United Stated because it would only be temporary. Uncertain. The President could lift the embargo and paralize the various industries in a few hours if he wables in the future as he has in the past and for that reason a crisis would surely follow the ending of the European War and cause stagnation as was the case in 1913 &14 up to the breaking out of the European War if not much greater.

The manufacturers and capitalists of the United States fear Democratic legistation because then in full control of the government they caused stagnation in business from 1856 up to Aug. 14, 1916. when in control of the government.

In the event of the Democratic party repealing the Underwood law and making a protective law similar to the policy of the Republican party prior to the ending of the European War that might ward off the crises when the War closes in Europe, otherwise there will be a crisis that will do the Democratic party up.

Page 20-21 Book 24 All record of the weather for Nov. & Dec.

Dec. 11, 1916 Snowing this day snow now about 2 inches deep at 10 AM Snow fluries little all day but little wind A.J. & W.E. Kelsey put up ice 29-30. ---- about 9 inches. I halled 11/2 days for them.

Page 22 Sunday Jan 21, 26o above cloudy snowed last night about 4 inches deep. Calm snow all gone about at 8PM. Thermometer 42 at 8PM Over at the Ranch today found stock all right and doing well. High wind during the forepart of the night.

Page 23 Book 24 Nov. 22, 1916 I finished the tile ditch on the south line of the Reister place 24 rows 8 inch tile. This tile drain is for the purpose of preventing the water that gathers on Frank Falstitch place on the center west part of 40 that breaks over the levy that I made to hold the water back and prevent overflowing 6 or 8 acres of the S-East part of the Falstitch 40 I own.

This 8 inch tile enters into the 12 inch tile where the old state ditch runs east and the 12 inch tile enters into a 14 inch tile about 20 rods west of the east line of the Brossmire land on the line between the Falstitch 40 acre & the Brossmire land and enters into the Kelsey dredge ditch.

The length of the entire line of tile is 88 rods costing $170.00. I am of the opinion that the investment is a good one for me worth to me in one year more than the cost by reason of more and better pasture. The open ditch between the Falstitch land and the Brossmire land was a cow and a horse catcher, having lost one horse and one cow and one heifer several years since. Constructing this tile drain at this late period is ----locking the stable after the horse is stolen is emphasized.

Nov. 3,1916 built a levy on the south of W. E. Kelsey lane between Hines land & W. E. Kelsey's all on W. E. K's land to prevent the flow of water from the south to the meadow of W. E. Kelsey's and put in two catch basins, one on Hines side and one just below the watering place W.E.K. put in the catch basin.

Page 24 Book 24 Record of the weather for the month of February 1917

Feb. 1. 16 above zero cloudy snowing little breezy.

2. 14 below zero breezy piercing cold. We had 2 January fogs which indicates according to old tradition extreme cold in February following . This is ground hog day and at this time 7:30 it is cloudy and the old hog can see his shadow in this part of the country 8 AM This is the coldest day this winter. Below zero all day at 6 PM 5 below zero.

3. 8 below zero almost clear a little breezy

4. 8 above zero snowing ground covered 2 inches

5. 10 below 7 AM clear & calm

6. Zero calm & almost clear

7. 26 above cloudy & calm snowed last evening

8. 28 calm & snowing a little

9. 10 below calm 6 mornings below zero this month, 2 mornings in January below, 4 mornings in December below.

10. 6 below clear & calm

11. 8 below " "

12. 15 below " very

Below 9 day this month snow 1 inch now and most all the time snow over 2-3 inches deep except one or 2 days.. 10 above at 2 PM, 2 above at 8 PM

13. 12 above cloudy & very calm

14. 10 " fogy & cloudy & calm

15. 18 " little cloudy & calm

16. 26 " " & windy

17. 36 " " " & calm

18. 20 " " " "

19. 24 " " " "

Page 25 Book 24 Nov. 13, 1916 I bought 3 bushel of seed corn of Senes Shall early variety same as A.M. Kleckner's kind. Paid $3.00 Nov.13, 1916 Nov. 23, 1916 Bought 2 bushels of seed corn of Henry Reneholt for 3.00 Yellow dent early variety about the same as the Kleckner variety. I think that the investment a very good one. Much better than the variety I have been planting for 2 years past.

I bought of Rowls near 80 bushel of corn amounting to $78.48 Bought of Ed Keller 9290 lbs. of corn amounting to about 115. $115.11

Jan. 26, 1917 Bought of Martin Keller 212 bushels of good sound corn for $212.02

Jan. 27, 1916 I paid him $212.00 in full for same I bought of W. E. Kelsey 10 tons of corn for two hundred dollars. 200.00

December 19, 1916 Snowed and winter like. We have considerable stock consisting of cattle and horses. I am of the opinion that we will be short of hay & straw to feed out this winter. W.E.K. has plenty of corn. But I am short 600 bushels to feed as the stock will need to be fed. Corn is high and I will need to pay 80 or 90 cts pr bushel and take better care than usual else loose some of the stock. The prospect does not look good to me but I may look on the dark side. I am not so active physically as in the past. But mentally I am more active and view the future more closely and come to the conclusion that things are not so good as in the past on account of physical ability growing slowly less and in accordance with the laws of nature will eventually incapacitate me to give the attention to business as in the past.

I am of the opinion when I do not attend to the affair of my business there is no one to take my place and keep things in shape without great loss from the fact I am doing more than any two men of my age and more than any one man I know in the county and do not tire in doing and am satisfied and really enjoy what I am doing and have done in the past. If I had less land and stock I think I could make more and enjoy life better. But when a man works and accumulates as I have he does not want to fool it away.

Page 27 Record of the weather from Feb. 19, l917 see page 21 for the forepart.

19. 24 above cloudy & calm

20. 20 " " "

21. 20 above almost clear & calm

22. 16 above allmost clear & calm, 36 in the evening at 8 PM,

23. 36 above rain & thunder at midnight 2 AM, cloudy at 7 AM and calm

24. 16 above chilly and almost clear

25. 20 " cloudy and calm

27. 20 " " "

28. 18 " almost clear The month has been a cold month and but little snow and very little rain. The ground is frozen 18 inches deep. The ice 20 inches thick. The 2nd & 12 the coldest days.

Weather for March 1917 Page 28

Page 29 Book 24 Assessment of the following by G. Chittic, Spring of 1917

Work Horses 11 head colts & other ages, 40 1385.00

cattle 53 head, cows 11, 200.00 400.00

Hogs young 2, & for butcher 7, & pigs 43 65.00

Wheat all for feed none

Poultry 2 dozen 5.00

Farm immplements 75.00

Manure spreader 15.00

Household good 25.00

Wagons & vehicles 75.00

Musical instruments 15.00

Library 10.00

Harness 25.00

Credits $700.00

Indebtness $7500.00

Etna Life Ins. Co. Hartford Connecticut.$7500.00

Corn none

Hay none

Oats none

Potatoes none

Page 30-31 Book 24 January 1, l917 Patients names: George Sellers, P. Shall, Jo Marbaugh, C. Bitterling, George Collins, Ed Zehner, Fin Johnson, Samp Allen, Son of N. Conner of Mishwakee, Ind., Oswald Smith, Spooner Zuke place to visit with AJK croup & indigestion.

Page 32 Butchered 2 hogs Jan. 29 & 30 one weighed over 500 and one 175 Jan 30, 1917 Sold 2 steers for $120.00 and 6 hogs 100.85 + 120.00 = $220.85

Page 33 Book 24 Diplomatic relations with Germany suspended Feb. 3, l917 Spain looks after the United States affairs if any with Germany and ( Can't read this)

Feb. 8 1917 I bought a cow of Ed Keller today for $70. She is 6 years old part jersey, fine looking cow worth 100.00 She will drop a calf this day. If she does well and the calf is cared for in 6 weeks the calf will be worth $20. if kept 6 months $35. - $40. $20 from 70 would leave 50 and 35 from 70 would leave cow costing 35.00

Feb. 8 Dark red sow had pigs.

March 23 Wagner cow had a calf heifer

24 Bundle cow had a calf heifer

20 White face cow had a calf heifer

Feb. 9 Ed Keller cow dropped a heifer calf, Feb. 9, 1917. Hoesel bull very large and fine calf even the 7 weeks old calf of red cow that calved Dec. 29, l916 for $25.00 weighed 190 lbs.

Page 34 Book 24 I bought --- bushel of oats of Henry Fox for $50 fifty dollars and paid him for it. I also bought 50 bushel more for 60 cts pr bushel that he is to deliver about the first of March 1917. Feb. 9th W. E. Kelsey bought 50 bushel for 60 cts pr bushel delivered of the same variety of Henry Fox.

Feb. 9, 1917 I contracted with Marbaugh Bros for a 12 disked Hosier drill for $93.00 to be paid for after the thrashing.

4 horse doubletree -ick yoke all fitted out to hitch to

Feb. 10. I bought the Scheuer school house for 60.00 bought the ground 25.00 at auction.

Feb. 10. I bought the Brucker school house for $61.00 and the land 3/4 acre for $101.00.

I intend to sell the Brucker house and the ground for $250. else improve it or move it away. The house and ground is worth to George Brucker not less than $500.00.

The Scheuer house I will fix up for a granary and implement and possibly in time for a dwelling house. I insured the two buildings for $275 each in the Farmers Ins. Co. John Engle agent.

Art Freese died Feb. 13, 1917 at La Cross, Ind. at Jo Freese's home.

Page 35 Book 24 Feb. 20, 1917 I sent my claim of $47.26 for medical service rendered Wes Hiland's family and Res Wash--- amount due up to Feb. 20, 1917 The claim ok'd by Frank Keitzer Trustee of Tippecanoe Township Pulaski, Ind. Feb. 20, 1917 Mailed it Monterey the letter. Also sent to Knox claim J. Chenney 46.15, Gasbison 5.50 & McCombey 17.25 $69.50 Sent claim to Knox Feb. 21, 1917.

Feb. 19, Have my wood buzed by Frank Wagner.

19-20, Feb. 1917 White faced cow good hereford had a calf male Feb. 19, 1917 Allen cow died Feb. 20, 1917 fell out of the swing. I paid $68. for her, she had 3 calves since I bought her. 2 of them I sold for $30 pr head. She has one now a heifer hereford. I intend to raise her and even up on the loss. This calf is now worth $20. Realizing me from her breeding $80. since I purchased her. The cause of her getting down was she did not do well at the time of calving. Had she been attended to as she should have been I would be $80 ahead for 10 cts worth of attention. Shipped her hide to Cogle Brothers, Chicago weighed 60 lbs. Feb. 20, 1917.

Page 36 Book 24 Sow that lost her pigs served by W. E. Kelsey's male hog. Feb. 20, 1917 Will farrow about June 20, 1917.

Patients: Samuel Allen, Henry Forsythe, Oswald Smith, Robert King, Spooner

Page 37 I bought of Martin Keller 50 bushels of oats for 60cts pr bushel and he to deliver it the last of March. Feb. 22, 1917 Paid him in full for oats, corn & hay.

Feb. 21 & 22 George Collins tipped apple has on Wils orchard on Shenk place west end 11/2days Men from Purdue was ruling the orchard and told Will that the triming was not done right. I am of the opinion that they did not know whether the triming was right or wrong. I am satisfied that it will be 50 ct better than to leave them untrimed as they have been for several years and neglect to spray them as they ought.

Feb. 24, 1917 Motled faced cow had a calf bull. White face hereford cow had a calf the 19th bull fine cow.

Feb. 9, Ed Keller cow had a calf Feb. 8, l917 heifer fine calf Hazell bull. March 3 White faced hereford cow had a calf March 3, 1917. Killer cow served by hereford bull Apr. 18, 1917 March 7, Red cow that had the 25 dollar calf served by hereford bull Apr. 16th 1917. Fellow cow with big tit had a calf Apr. 15. Coats cow had a calf Apr. 15, 1917 bull fine. Rose had a calf at the Ranch Apr. 17, 1917 hereford, fine.

Page 39 Book 24 March 7, 1917 I have the influenza since March the 2, 1917 which makes me feel pretty tough. The disease is very prevalent all over the country and does not yield to treatment of any kind as is the case with many other ailings.

The disease is a very old one supposed to have orginated in Rushia more than one thousand years ago. I am of the opinion that there is no ailing that is more destructive to mankind than influenza.

This is worse that impairs the system of man so great and finaly leads up to other disease that is fatal. Pneumonitis, hepatitis, cystitis, nephritis, tonsilitis, phenites, rheumatism and pulmonary tuberculosis all of these ailings are due in most of the cases to repeated attacts of influenza.

Medical writers and the physicians who assume to know so much do not recognize the ailing of much consequence and not having anything to do with inviting the germs of the various ailings to inoculate mankind with the fatal disease of the land. They say nothing from the fact they do not know and are to careless so to investigate and learn the facts and make an effort to stamp out the influenza. When they know how they can consistantly talk of stamping out the great white plague.

Page 40 Book 24 I attended A.M. Kleckner's sale on the 3rd of March 1917. I bought 2 heifers for $91.00 the Red one for 49 and the Roan for 42. I cashed the $9l.00 4 pr ct discount. Saving $3.64. I then sold the Red heifer to Bert Kleckner for $49.00 leaving the Roan heifer costing me $38.30. I made in the transaction profit by reason of discounting and selling to Bert $1.96 on Red heifer.

May 3, Mares have had colts up to the 3rd of Apr. 1917. The Drake mare March 25. Black mare at the Ranch Apr. 1 and Babe Apr. 3rd.

Apr. 4, 3 cows had calves 2 at the Ranch and one on Reister place Apr. 4.

Apr. 7, seeded to oats about 30 acres some of it 8 days since not yet up.

Built up the levy on the line between my land & Frank Falstitch. River up 3 or 4 feet. Grass is starting slow.

Went to Winamac yesterday and noticed the growing wheat. There will not be a crop of 25 pr ct in the county may be less. My wheat looks the best of any I see. Wheat at Monterey now Apr. 6, 205 M. Keller sold for that. (sic)

Page 41 Book 24 Dec. 26 1917 I received a letter from Mel Osborn concerning the Widner arm of the Fletcher ditch. Sent birth report of George. Dec. 26, 1917 Also made report of Wm Hartman's babe born the 15th of Dec. to A.J. Kelsey. Dec. 26th made out death record of Sylver Sellers accute nephietis. Died the 20th of December. I visited her on the 16th with Dr. White & Parker.

Page 42 Book 24 Patients: Oswald Smith, James Bruce, Ed Louis, Les Stubbs, Clarence Shall, Buchanan

Page 43 I have never been so short of feed for stock as I am now. The horses are in bad shape and to not having feed sufficient to keep them up. I am of the opinion that some of the colts will die unless they improve soon in health. They seem to have some disorder that causes them to get poor. Some of them have diarrhea and some discharge from the nose.

The cattle are not in good condition. Some of them very poor and need extra care else they will die. I have to much stock to care for. If I had one half as much and give them good care I would realize more out of 1/2 than out of the whole.

I intend to unload this summer and fall and have less to care for and avoid exposure and cut out so much business in looking after them. I am of the opinion now that there is more profit in growing cattle than there is in growing horses. Horses when they get cripled are not worth much and they are more liable to get cripled than cattle.

Page 44 Book 24 Patients: Forsythe, Samp Allen, Oswald Smith, John Exaver, Mrs Simon Lehman, Walace at Lawton

Page 45 Book 24 March 19, 1917 Bought at Clark's Sale the following:

One fertilizer grain drill 39.00

One set dump boards 90 ct.

Two heifers one of the black 79.00

One Roan

One ton timothy & clover hay 15.50

One old single harness 22.50

One single shovel 40 cts.

Will bought one new ground breaking plow 1.50

I bought 2 barrels.20cts.

March 19, Give my note for same 1137.90

W.E.K. & I 6 pr ct interest

March 21 Bought of S. Warmbrod two holstein cows for $200.00 to be delivered the 2nd of March and one for $125.00 Delivered the same the 22 of March the heifer droped a calf the afternoon of the 22nd. Heifer calf fine.

Beauty had a calf March 22, l917 Heifer fine W.E.Kelsey's holstein

June hereford heifer had a calf and it died. Brought her home and put the Allen calf to her to raise. Apr. 14, Crumply, horned hereford the Collin's milked, had a calf Apr. 14, 1917. Rose had a calf about the 15th of Aprile heifer.

Page 46 Book 24 March 22, 1917 Commenced to seed the 2 pieces of ground west of the barn on the Shenk place about 41/2 acres. Drilled 11/2 bushels pr acre with hoe drill finished the evening of the 22 March 1917. I manured both pieces one before it was plowed next to the road and the other top dressed with the same kind of manure and the same quantity. I harrow the south piece twice before drilling and the south piece I disked east and west and then harrowed it diagonal. The seed bed on both pieces fine. The seed was the oats I bought of Henry Fox. I disked the ground west next to Henry Reneholts first north and south and then diagonal making the same ready for clover seed alone. But seeded to oats.

March 26-27 Harrowed the wheat in both fields on Shenk place with flexible harrow to make seed bed for clover seed and to benefit the wheat. The wheat is damaged by the cold winter weather and wind. It may come out when the weather gets warm better than one expect.

March 27 G. Collins drilled with disk drill the 10 or more acres south of the woods 1/2 bushels pr acre out of the H. Fox oats. Drilled oats in orchard south of house on Shenk place about 21/2 acres. Drilled oats on the Reister place east of the barn Apr. 6 & 7 and seeded it to clover seed. Drilled clover seed on the north part of the rye where W.E. Kelsey sowed Apr. 10 & 11 about 12 acres.

Page 47 Book 24 March 26, 1917 George Collins halled 4 loads of corn from W.E. Kelsey's crib March 26, 1917. 7720 lbs. 68 lbs pr bushel. 1113 bushel & 16 lbs. I bought 10 tons and paid for the same at the time of purchase. This is the first I have halled. There is 12,280 lbs yet to get.

Page 48 Book 24

Mar. 29, 30,31, 1917 I seeded the field where there is wheat 20 acres and the field south of school house. G. Collins done the work. And finished seeding the two fields where I am growing wheat to clover seed mamoth variety of my own raising. I first harrowed with the flexible harrow both pieces 3 or 4 days previous to drilling with the seed disk drill about one bushel to 30 acres. The seed bed is fine and the work seeding done right. I have now finished on the Shenk place seeding to oats about 18 acres. 30 acres to clover. Seed in the wheat. All the work done in less than two weeks with two hands.

I had the oats ground disked both ways. Then drilled with the disk drill 11/2 bushels of oats pr acre. The 10 or12 acres south of the woods and the 5 acres south and west of the barn and the orchard. I had plowed about 6 inches deep and a good seed bed made and drilled 11/2 bushel pr acre. The 5 acres I had manured well one piece top dressed and the north piece manured before it was broke up. Certainly in fine condition. Seeded both pieces with the seed I purchased of Henry Fox.

Apr. 3 & 4 Disked with W.E.K disk the ground on the Reister place east and north of the barn and sowed one bushel of oats pr acre and then seeded the same to clover seed on the 10 of Aprile.

Page 49 Book 24 Planted potatoes Apr.10, l917 on lots back of J. Marbaugh's also Wes Hiland planted the west 1/2 of the 2 lots with seed he got of me for 2.50. I planted the east half of the lots and on the east side I planted the Early Ohio seed I got of Vic Follmar 6 rows.

Apr. 11,1917 Seeded to clover big variety on field next to the barn about 12 acres on the north end. Commenced at the Ranch to disk for oats on the field next Roules about 14 acres ground in fine condition. Finished seeding it Apr. 17, 1917 11/2 bushel pr acre.

Apr. 20, Planted potatoes in the garden on Reister place 15 rows 13 of them on the east side, Russet and 2 rows on the west side of Early Ohio I got of Vick Follmar. This is 10 days since I planted the ground back of the John Marbaugh's.

Kep Demont is seeding the 16 or 18 acres on the north part of the ground where W.E.K. raised corn last year. 2 bushel of oats pr acre. He is to put up one half of the oats hay in the barn yard at or near the house on the Ranch. Stack in good condition and the other 1/2 is his share. He agrees to give me full permission of the ground in August 1917 so I can seed the same to rye the fall of 1917.

Page 52-53 Record of the weather for the months of Apr. and May. Apr. 20, 1917 Tornado tore off the roof on the south west corner of the barn on the Reister place and blew off the roof on the pump house. I was in the house at the time of the storm. About 31/2 squares were torn off. Damage $16.00 possibly more.

Page 54 & 55 All medical visits. Patients: Fred Fell, Nels Bridegroom, Clarence Shall, Oswald Smith, P.A. Follmar, Frank Keitzer, Trustee to visit Henry Forsythe, G. Chittic, Vick Follmar, George Exaver, Wm Hartman, George Langenbahn, Clep Demont. County Medical meeting at Fucin Hotel at Winamac. Every doctor in the county present. Resolution passed to increase the charges for medical service due to the high cost of medicine & passed unanimous. Next meeting at Monterey, Ind. May 29, 1917

Page 56 Book 24 Hens laid 20 eggs this day May 13, 1917 50cts. Patients: Albert Brucker, John Dehmire, Louis Cline, Frank Hiland Trustee, for Willie Hiland.

Page 57 Due me 182.24 of corn less 2 loads I husked out at the Ranch about. I paid him in full for all that I contracted for. I bought 10 tons 14000 lbs. I have got out of the cribb to date 7720 lbs. leaving amount yet due me also what I husked at the Ranch.

May 15, 1917 Commenced to plow on the Reister place for corn south of the house and orchard May 15, 1917.

Finished plowing the 19th and harrowed it well making it ready to plant Monday the 21st. I put in about 100 rods of tile on the centered part of the ground connecting them. The crosstile 6 inches. I am of the opinion that the drainage will do good. Sept. 1, Did no good so far.

May 25, 1917 I planted several rows of potatoes of my own raising very small about like quail eggs on the south part of the orchard on Reister place where I once used land plaster and munute of potash.

May 26 I also planted 14 rows of popcorn south of the garden same width of the garden. May 26 I also planted 12 rows of Stowels evergreen corn south of the smaller variety of sweet corn south of the orchard that I planted the 25th.

Page 58 Book 24 Boy Mare related to Dolly served by the Belgium horse at the Ranch May 24, 1917. I think the Sowel mare was served near the same time.

Patients. Jacob Dunkelbarger, Louis Cline, Young Patsell, Fred Book, John Decker,

Phil Wagner etc. June 1917 Samp Allen to attending wife OB $15.00 Born about 2 AM boy, Wife Stella Shanks 30 yrs. old, S.C. Allen 35.

June 6 High wind today very bad on the corn, never see it worse.

Page 60 Book 24 Three hereford heifers had calves Apr.15,16,17, 1917. Apr.19, 3 cows had calves at the Ranch and 4 more to have calves this month. Yet 4 of the calves at the Ranch out of the 8 that are now there, are male. More than 1/2 of the calves so far are males this season. Apr. 22, Casper mare had a colt Apr. 22, 1917. Bred Wagner mare to Belgium at Ranch Apr. 26, 1917. Black mare with white in forehead had a colt Apr. 25, 1917. Hereford cow had a calf Apr. 25, at the Ranch, heifer cow had a fine bag. May 1, W. E. Kelsey's Rawlson jersey. White face cow at Ranch, male. The one that lost calf at Tom Chapman's place heifer. White face cow with spot on her nose calve. Motled faced cow served by hereford bull May 26, 1917.

Page 61 Book 24 April 26, 1919 Finished seeding oats at the Ranch. Commenced to plow ground at the Ranch for corn next to the dredge ditch about 17 acres in the piece plowing 8 inches deep with the gang plow.

May 3, 1917 Commemced to plant corn at the Ranch north of the dredge ditch, yellow variety got of H. Keitzer & H. Reneholt planted about 9 acres first day. Finished the field Sat eve the 5 of May. Halled wheat to Zehners mill to get it ground up for feed for stock. Friday 4th rained all day and disagreeable nothing done.

May 5th plowed about 3 acres on the east of the meadow south of the strip next to Rowels which I intend to plant too corn. Plowed about 8 inches deep with the gang plow. I disked it twice and then harrowed it with the steel harrow and planted it to corn 8th of May and put a woven wire fence around it. Certainly a fine piece of ground handled in first class way.

Frost destroyed it entirely in Sept 1917 .

May 11, Commenced to plant 15 acres west of the plum and apple orchard to corn. I plowed the ground about 8 inches deep after the sand had been manured with 7 or 8 loads pr acre. Then disked the ground deep and harrowed it over well and chuked to corn. The seed bed is very good and the seed is about 100 pr ct.

Page 62 Horse breeding at great length. Patients: G. Sellers,C. Danson, John Ditmire, Adam Clein, Leslie Stubbs.

Page 63 Book 24 W.E.K. & A.J.K. went to Elgin, Illinois on a holstein craze. Both had better stayed at home and looked after their farming and attend to the stock they now have and there by save and make more in the long run. I am of the opinion that the enterprise they now have in view will be a failure with both. To much blow and not enough work and common sense in their affairs to make the best common thing for men to over estimate and become extravagant and not suceed in their undertakings.

May 14 Sold 9 head of hogs for 15.10 cts pr lb. They weighed 1600 amounting to $241.60.

Page 64 Book 24 Monday noon the 13th of May commenced to plow with the gang plow on the Reister place about 18 acres for corn. Finished plowing it on Friday the 18th and harrowed it on the 19th. Commenced to plant Monday morning the 21st with corn.

On the west with seed corn of the H. Renehold white and yellow about 4 acres. With the remainder of the Fred Miller corn the 22nd, near 20 acres plowed the patch of ground on the north where the timothy hay was stacked at the hedge and planted 2 rows of potatoes on the east side of the patch. One row the first with seed I got of Fritz 5 lbs. for 30 cts. The potatoes looked like the late rose. The next row planted with my own raising.

Then planted 4 rows of stowels ever green next. I also planted 15 or 20 hills of ext-variety of huband squash. Also planted 10 or more hills of pickles of the same variety I raised last year. extra variety.

Page 65 I examined the corn planted at the Ranch the 3rd of May 1917. On yesterday the 22, and found not much of it up. I dug out some of it but did not find any that had rotted. The cold and dry weather is the reason why it is not up.

I don't know at this time whether there will be a good stand. I will examine later and state here below.

The stand was good but the wind and frost destroyed it so it was a very poor stand. I planted it the 2nd time May 31, 1917 come up all right. On the night of the15 of June frost destroyed about all. I replanted it on the 19th of June come up fine and made fine growth and prospect of a high yield again frosted Sept. 1917.

May 22 I examined the clover sowed on the wheat on the Shenk place and find that most of it died from the dry weather and wind. The stand was fine 2 weeks ago when it first come up. It would have been better this year to sowed as late as the first of May. The pasture now is growing fine since the rain which fell the 19th and since. Stock generaly is not looking good.

The apple, pear, plum, cherry are very full of bloom and the prospect is good at this time for a good crop of each where there is orchards cared for.

There are many apple trees destroyed by the scale. My orchards are seemingly not yet hurt because I have spray each spring with Paris Green.

Page 66 Book 24 May 24, 1917 W.E. Kelsey has 20 acres planted to corn on the south east of Sec 14 Reister place planted it about the 18 of May. I have adjoining on the north about 25 acres planted to corn from the 20 of May to the 24 finished. On the west side of Will's I planted the Reneholt squash corn near 20 rows. The remainder was of the Fred Miller seed he furnished me and on the east side 4 or 5 acres of my own seed saved last year. I planted some potatoes in the south part of the orchard on Reister place.

On Reister place May 25, I also planted 14 rows pop corn, south of garden, and then sugar corn a small variety 12 rows.

I planted 12 rows of stowels sweet corn all on the ground Collins used. I also planted Huband squash seed ge---- quite a good many hills on the 27 of May and ---- rows of stowels evergreen sweet corn I bough seed of Marbaugh's for 15 cts pr lb. said to be pure seed on the 28 of May. May 30 I planted 8 rows of sugar cane seed on the Reister place south of the orchard . I also planted 8 or 10 rows of stowels evergreen sweet corn next to the cane on the north side of the cane. June 1, 1917 I planted -- rows of white beans on plum orchard.

Page 67 Book 24 Cyclone at Hobart and Kouts Saturday evening about 6 oclock May 26, 1917. Much damage done and a few killed.

Medical meeting at Monterey met and banquet at the Kelley Hotel May 29, 1917. Good time

Motled faced cow served by hereford bull will calve 26 of Feb. 1918

Commenced at the Ranch to replant 26 acres of corn that did not come up very good and destroyed by crows and moles, so there is not 1/2 stand. I shared the rows. George Collins doing the replanting.

Wes Hiland harrowed the corn on the Reister place near 25 acres May 30 & 31st. I planted the corn May 25 & 26 and not up. May 31, Replanted the corn on the Shenk place 15 acres. The stand is better than common, but I want a full stand.

I planted about 50 cabage plants 25 on lots south of John Marbaughs & 20 on the Reister place May 31, 1917. I planted about 10 hills of Hubbard squash seed at the Ranch in the potatoe patch May 31, 1917.

Motled faced cow will calve Feb. 26, 1918.

Page 68 Book 24 May 29 Seeded the ground north of the Fish Pond about 2 acres to oats, rye, cow peas, and sugar cane seed on 2/3 of the ground May 29, 1917.

Replanted about 18 acres on the north of the dredge ditch May 31 & June 1st, 1917.

June 2, planted the ground at the Ranch north of the woods with Pride of the North corn on the west near one half of the 11/2 acres.

Replanted the ground south of the long field next to Rowel's June 2, 1917 with Pride of the North variety got seed of W.E.K. Henry Keitzer.

June 2, 1917 Great wind storm this day as bad as I ever see in this place. The air was full of dust for 4 or 5 hours very bad from the Reister place through by A. Kleckner's and Henry Keitzer's

Planted soup beans in the plum orchard. --rows and some Hubbard squash seed about 50 hills on the line of the plum trees south of the Burbank plum.

Cultivated the corn on the Shenk place 15 acres with the weeder. June 4, 1917.

Page 69 Book 24. Hereford cow with a fine bag, no horns served this day by bull. She is a fine large cow will be due to drop a calf March 4, 1918.

Commenced to cultivate the corn north of the dredge ditch at the Ranch this afternoon June 5, 1917.

I replanted the 25 acres at the Ranch on the 31st of May and the first of June 1917.

Baker mare served by Belgian horse at the Ranch. Also have in a gray mare that I think will be served early.

June 6, Set out 100 sweet potato plants in the plum orchard. Plants from J. Eg---tons.

June 8, Set out 179 cabage plants in the plum orchard.

June 8, Plowed the potatoes in the lot back of John Marbaugh's.

June 9, Planted over at the Ranch and at the Reister place about 40 hills Hubbane squash seed.

June 9, Plowed the potatoes at the Reister place in the garden.

June 8, Oswald Smith paid me $125.00 for medical service rendered wife during her last sickness. Louis Clein last visit babe 3.75 The whole amount of med service to date is $30.75.

Page 70 Book 24 June 10, 1917 The crops at this time are as follows:

Wheat not more than 1/4th of a crop on account of being winter killed.

Oats fine as to prospects of a good yield. The acreage nearly double.

Corn not good on account of the cold, windy weather for 30 days or more.

There is none more than 2 or 3 inches high having been frosted and the wind whiped it so it looks like it was frosted.

The wind has been the strongest I have ever witnessed in this country.

Pastures are good generaly June 14, 1917. Corn has improved greatly in the past 4 days at this time is clean and has good color although very small. Plenty of moisture and warm weather is improving it rapidly.

Page 71 Book 24 Planted 20 lbs of potatoes in the plum orchard south of where I planted cabage paid 370 pr bushel a little over 6 cts pr lb. Variety said to be Michigan Rural very nice looking white potatoe. (sic) The reason for planting them to know whether they are a good variety to grow. June 12, 1917.

June 13, 1917 Planted at the Ranch cane seed on ground where I thrashed timothy seed also planted a good patch of sweet corn stowel variety and planted several hills of Huband squash seed. Also plowed the potatoes at the stock yard. Also planted some sugar cane seed south of the garden on the Reister place and had the truck patches run over with the weeder by Wes Hiland. June 13, 1917.

Page 72 Book 24 On the night of the 15th and morning of the 16th of June 1917 there was a frost and freeze that froze the corn on the muck ground killing 60 pr ct of it. So it was so injured it would not revive and make 1/2 crop. I planted 25 acres of mine on the Ranch over by drilling it with corn I got of Samp Allen & Reneholt on the 18th and 19th of June.

Ground in fine condition and weather warm and suitable to cause the corn to come up early.

On the 27th I examined the acres that was replanted and found a good stand. I had it plowed before it come up which covered all the young weeds that were coming up. June 25th I plowed the yard on the south end of the Meredith lot and planted 40 tomatoes I got of Gusta Kelsey the same evening after plowing.

Pagae 73 Book 24 Charley Louis cow old mare had a heifer calf June 24, 1917. A.J. Kelsey took out to his place the cow I bought of Ed Keller and the Durham Slonaker yearling bull June 27, 1917. Arthur now has 2 of my cows milking. One the Slonaker cow the other Ed. Keller cow.

June 27, 1917 Put Paris Green and land plaster on the potatoes to kill the bugs which were hatching rapidly on account of the very warm weather. I dusted on the Paris green in the fore noon and in the evening I could not find scarcely a hard shell and the soft ones had all disapeared. (sic)

I attend the medical meeting at Bass Lake June 26, 1917 at the cottage of Dr. Washburn of Star City. Had a good meeting and a splendid dinner W.E., A.J. and myself were there A.JK. read a paper on the use of the microscop in diagnosing some chronic diseases which was a very well written paper. Dr. George Thompson read a paper on fractures and treatment a very good paper and suited my views.

Page 74 Book 24 June 29, 1917 Crops of all kinds is doing well now. The weather is warm and rain almost every day for 4 or 5 days past not very much here at Monterey but just enough to make vegetation vigorious. The grass is very green indicating plenty of nitrogen. The potatoe crop looks fine. The best I ever see. Prospects now is good for plenty in this part of the state of Indiana. The cultivation is very good on the part of all up to this time. The potatoe bug season is now here and the weather the last 11 days is just right to make millions enough to destroy the crop in 4 or 5 days if neglected.

Paris Green and land plaster is the most destructive and cheapest to kill potatoe bugs. The land plaster is of great benefit to invigorate the growth and ward off drowth.

Many of people do not understand how land plaster benefits and many are so stuborn and selfish that they prefer to be ignorant.

Page 75 Book 24 Will's Goldy had a heifer calf July 20, 1917 Wes Hiland cow and Allen heifer served by hereford bull July 28, l917. The Allen heifer by the best marked hereford and the other by bull brough over from the Ranch. There has been several of the cows served this month making the time for calving in Apr. 1918.

I was at the Ranch today and examined the 31/2 acres next to Rowels on the north of the Griffin ditch. It is growing rapidly average height is 4 feet. Certainly fine. Planted the 19 of June, drilled. Finished cutting the rye at the Ranch at 11 AM. I do not expect more than 1/4 yield on account of frost the 15 of June. If I had pastured the rye up to the 10 or 15 of May, I would have $500.00 worth of rye more than I will have. I sowed about 3 pecks pr acre which is a great plenty if the seed is good and a good seed bed. Live & Learn.

Page 76 Book 24 Patients: Sam Allen, John Detmire, Paul Buchanan, Mrs. Harts, Frank Keitzer to visit Wes Hiland baby, G. Uhl, Mrs. Huesel, Dock Low, Young Casper, Charley Wagner.

Page 77 Book 24 Finished plowing the corn on the Ranch north of the dredge ditch August 1, 1917 about 22 acres. I have howed it twice and have it free from weeds. I plowed twice with the big plow with wings extended which covered up the weeds and put the -----around. Corn in fine condition. (sic) The prospect for a crop is good provide drowth and frost does not injure it. I am of the opinion that the method of cultivation is the very best. I drilled this on the 18 & 19 of June 1917. the 3rd planting see page 72 of the planting.

Commenced to cultivate the corn on Reister place Aug. 15. Willie Hiland. 18th Willie finished on Reister place.

Thrashed my wheat and oats on the Shenk place in the forenoon of the 16th of August. 467 bushel of wheat and 210 bushel of oats. I halled wheat to the elevator and got 185 pr bushel for same. Did not get full price of the day 200 on account of a little cheat in the wheat and dishonest looking by Chittic. Rained in the afternoon, good shower which was much needed.

Page 78 Book 24 Hired Young Shoemaker and one of John Casper boys to work in haying. Commenced the morning of the 14th of Aug. 15 minutes til 8 AM.

14 First day 9 hours each.

15 2 " 10 " "

16 3 " 6 " " on account of rain.

Paid each of $4 Aug. 18, 1917

Did not work on the 17 or 18th.

Worked again

22 9 hours 3 of them

23 9 " 3 " "

24 9 " 2 " "

25 3

Paid Shoemaker

Aug. 25, 7.50 in full to date

Paid to Casper Aug. 25, 6.50 in full

27. Shoemaker worked 9 hours

27. Serphin Casper worked 9 hours.

Paid all the 3 boys up to date Aug. 28, 1917 except Shoemaker and Serphin Casper. I owe them for 9 hours each for work on the 27 of Aug. 1917.

Page 79 Book 24 On the field south of the school building there was 162 bushels one 3rd mine and 2/3rd W. E. Kelsey's. We put it in the school house out at Shires place to keep it until we get ready to sell it. S. Shrener thrashed the oats on the 40 acres in Monroe Township that I own Shrene gives me 2/5th at the elevator Winamac, Ind. Shrener stated that he could get 55 cts pr bushel for same. (sic)

I intend to begin the cultivation August 20 of the 15 acres of corn on the Shenk place and make a good seed bed for either wheat or rye. Willie Hiland to do the work. I intend to double disk the oats ground south of the woods on the Shenk place and seed it to rye. Some of the land in Stark Co. I intend to disk up and seed to rye for pasture and possibly for to cut.

3 pecks pr acre of rye is plenty of seed pr acre and one bushel of wheat if the seed bed is good and the seed is good is enough. Better than to seed more. If to much seed sown the wheat and rye is not so vigorous and will not stool so well neither will it yield so much as when you sow less the quantity I indicated.

Page 80 Book 24. August 14th 1917 5AM

I am 82 years old today. Enjoying good health in every respect and able to manage my affairs as well as I have ever been in my life except my physical ability is not so great. I have however been the most active and energetic in the past year in all the various ways except the practice of medicine of my life.

The acitivity and energy is due largely to the European War and the necessity to do as I am and have been for one year or more to meet my obligations and to prove my ability to do as well as the best.

I have been successfull in every enterprise I have engaged in for 2 year or more and have demonstrated to the publick the fact in growing crops of various kinds yet the seasons has not been good..

In regard to stock consisting of horses and cattle, I have the best in the county of Pulaski.

I have had no assistance in managing my affairs nor men to labor for me to do what I have done that was actualy needed else I could realized much more and not had to work so much myself. I have done more work in the past year at various kinds of any year of my life.

I work every day Sundays as well as other days is a very busy day to view and consider.

I notice that the constant work is telling on me to cause me to age more rapidly. I notice that my skin is wrinkling and that the elasticy of the arteries do not posess the contractite power yet I do not feel disabled by reason of the changes.

I am mentaly in most every thing better than I was 40 years ago. Easier and quicker to think and come to conclusions as to what is necessary. Even in the practice of medicine I can more fully comprehend the ailing and what is necessary to prescribe and get good results. Results as good as the best I know of and much better than most physicians.

It is very fortunate for me that the people to not know what I am able to do else they would soon tire the life out of me.

I enjoy what I am engaged in better than anything I have ever been engaged in.

Page 82 Book 24 Patients: Leslie Stubbs, Casper, Earl Casper, Sam Allen, Whiting, Paid G. Bushnell for thrashing 2.50 Paid Andy Smith for thrashing 4.40, Paid Uhl 1.80 for thrashing.

Page 83 Book 24 There was a notice served on me by reg. letter Aug. 23, 1917 by Assistant Fire Marshall to remove my stable and sheds west also wood house in 30 days from the 23rd of August 1917.

Aug. 25, 1917 Wm E. Kelsey sowed rye on the 10 acres next to Higins place 3/4 bushel pr acre disk drill.

27 During the night heavy rain the best for months good for grass, corn and seeding.

Aug. 29, 1917 I commenced to seed to rye 40 acres on the Reister place 3/4 bushel pr acre. The seed bed is good. I expect a fair crop of rye if I do not pasture it to close and drain it by light furrows in the old dead furrows. Finished seeding the 40 acres on the Reister place in the corn Sept. 7, 1917.

Page 84 Aug. 30 1917 Shoemaker & S. Casper 9 hours. Sept. 3 Shoemaker worked.

Sept. 6 & 7 I circulated a petition to the Ind. State Fire Marshal sighned by the following named parties ask him to cancel the orders given by the Assistant State Fire Marshal for me to move my barn and sheds on Lot No.1 & 2 in Monterey, Ind. prior to the 23 of Sept 1917.

I sent the petition but he did not act on because it was not sent in before 5 days after notice. The course I should taken was to appeal to the circuit court with in 5 days and then I would have suceeded in st-ging the proceedings sure.

Page 85 Sept. 16, 1917 Motled faced cow served by hereford bull will be due to calve June 15, 1918.

Patients: Charley Davison, Sam Allen,

Sam Allen Cr by seed wheat 13 lbs. bought of Samp Allen 18.50 wheat seed first time, 2 time 95 lbs. Making in all 20 bushel & 25 lbs. at $2. pr bushel $40.80.

Page 86 Book 24 Patients: Dunkelberger, Ora, Mrs Chris Kline, Niel Hazen Frank Keitzer Trustee to visit Neil Hazen child urethitis and suppression of urine 3.75, Sam Allen, Charley Davison,

Page 87 Book 24 August 29, 1917 Sold to Zechel Boys the follow cattle at the prices here


1 bull 60.00

1 white Kleckner heifer 55.00

Old Jersey 30.00

White face with big tit 55.00

White face with sore eye 30.00

Wes Hiland Jersey 45.00

Red Brechy cow 45.00

Best hereford 100.00

Roars 45.00

Clark heifer 42.50

Crumply hereford 40.00

2 yellow cow with calves 105.00

Slonaker cow 65.00

Bob ear cow heifer 57.50 Total $775.00

14 steer calves at 8.25 pr 100 They will come to near $4400.00

Received on the above $100.00 check.

Oct 15, Sold sucking calf 5 weeks old for $21.00

Patients: Wes Hiland 1.00, Henry Forsythe 1.50, John Detmire 3.50.

Page 88 Book 24 Patients: John Detmire 3.50, Patesell at Delong son in law of D. Castleman 1.00, John Collins Cr. by shipping cane and cutting it up in full of his doctor bill service wife, C. Davison to visit family & presc. wife & 2 girls 4.75, Mrs. Chris Klein 3.75 twice. Louis Kline Cr. by cash in full for medical service rendered babe $27.00

Page 89 Oct. 21 & 21 Hulled 2 loads of cane to Overmire to make molasses one load the 21 st and 1 the 22 George Collins done the halling.

Fred Miller & Harry Shall wrecked the building on the corner Tuesday, Wednesday AM and 2 hours on Thursday. Not more than 2 full days for each of them. I paid them $15. for doing the same. $5. more than the work was worth. It was a good move to wreck the building rather than to move it from the fact the foundation was very rotten and the floor no good.

I put the machinery in the Reister barn on the 21st of Sept 1917

Sept. 22, Wes Hiland cultivated the corn on the south of oats ground Saturday the 22, 1917. 4 acres in the field at the Ranch and seeded the same to wheat. I got of Harman Rienk Turkey Red on Monday the 24 of Sept 11/4 bushel pr acre.

Finished halling and stacking the oats hay on the field next to Rowel's Thursday noon at the Ranch 1917 and commenced to stack the field south of the house at the Ranch. The oats in a good state of preservation not damaged but little on account of leaving it in shock.

Page 90 Book 24 Mrs. Chris Klein 3.75, Oct. 1 & 2 Dayton Shanks to surgical treatment girl arm coles fracture and dislocation to visit girls and dressing fractured arm 35.00

Frank Keitzer Trustee, N. Hazen to visit wife miscarrage 5.00, 2.50, 250, Mrs. Chris Kline, Adam Kline

Page 91 Book 24 Oct. 2, W. E. Kelsey commenced to fill his silos help as follows: Wes Hiland, G. Collin, N. Hazen, N. Bridgroom, Ed Engle, Sweed, C. Engle.

Oct 1, George Collins cut on Monday I helped with 3 hands on Tuesday the 2 and 2 teams and finished Saturday the 6 making 4 days and a half with 2 teams, 13 days with hands.

Teams $3. pr day 24.00

Collins full day 2.00

8 days for 1 hand 16.00

Common price $42.00

W.E.K help 2 teams 24.00

the same Nelsen, Charley and self 4 days 8.00

Ed. Engle & Sweed 16.00

Shanks one day 1.50


Cost of cutting, coal-oil & gasoline board.

Amount in silo 140 tons value at $20 pr ton $2800.

I presume that it is worth more than $20 pr ton possible $25. pr ton would be a fair estimate. If worth $25 pr ton then losses would amount to 140 x25 $3500.

Page 92 Notice this statement that follows:

Oct. 6. I subscribe for 1 liberty bond of $100.00 one hundred dollars with Elmer Johnson at the bank and give my check for same and left the certificate with Elmer to send in and get the government bond. Reg. of Certificate 5274 47.

George Collins notified me last evening the 9 of Oct. 1917 that he intended to quit work for me and move to Knox on account of Wes Hiland making so much disturbance.

George hired to me for one year from the 15 of March 1917 for $260 pr year a dwelling house to live in, truck patch, and garden and pasture for his cow and a gift of $25 at the end of the year if he puts in full time. I have favored him with much more than I agree to give him as follows: wood $42., poultry feed $25., horse and colt pasture $25., extra truck patch $10, fruit $10.00, cows to milk fall & winter $25.00, use of horses for halling and farming $10.

Page 93 Patients: Dayton Shanks, George Collins, Rendalbaugh Pulaski-- Samp Allen agrees to pay the 1.50, Bert Kleckner, Patesell, J. Dunklebarger, Chris Kline, G. Collins.

Page 94 Book 24 1917 Nineteen Seventeen Raised potatoes as follows:

16 bushels south of John Marbaugh's

6 bush south of orchard on Reister place, In Reister garden at Ranch

2 bushel south of Reister garden

" on the line of hedge Reister place

7 " in plum orchard new variety

Similar to Rural variety I put them in crates in the N.W. corner of the Meredith cellar. I also put 2 hills of old fashioned Early Pink Eye in a little box on top of the crates of the new variety grown in the plum orchard. I bought the seed of Fritz one peck 1.25 for the peck of seed.

Oct. 13, Dug at the Ranch Wes Hiland and George Collins 7 bushel

Oct. 15, Niel Hazen dug at the Ranch 9 bushel potatos.

Oct. 15, George Collins commenced to drill the 40 acres to rye in the corn. The grass hoppers having destroyed the first seeding continue the 16 & 17 3 pecks pr acre. George Chittic says it is between 1/2 bushel & 3 pecks.

Page 95 Book 24 Patients: Mrs. Chris Klein, Layton Shanks, Simon Lehman, John Ditmire, Mrs. Samp Allen, Patesell.

Page 96 Oct. 16, 1917 Sold 3 calves to Zehner Bros. weighed 920 lbs. at 7 cts pr lb. $64.40. Patients: Mrs. Chris Klein, visit morning, evening, died morning of Oct. 26, 1917 Typhoid fever., Jacob Dunkleberger, Samp Allen, Sam Allen, Bert Kleckner.

Page 97 Patients: Samp Allen, Frank Overmire Cr. by pay in full to date by making sorghum molasses. Paid 5.25 Oct 31, 1917.

Frank Keitzer to visit Marie Hiland child of Wes Hiland, mala-- & catar--

N. Bridegroom, My bill for medical service rendered Mrs. Elizabeth Klein during her last sickness and reported to Adam Klein administrator of her estate $93.75 this day. Nov. 7, 1917.

Nov. 7, visited Mrs. Peter Hammes Father Senegan pays bill. I will charge him 1.50.

Page 98 Book 24 Record of the weather from August 24, 1917 and on.

Page 99 Book 24 Commenced to stack the wheat at the Ranch this morning the 24th of August put up one rack, 8 loads and toped it out in the forenoon and Will and I put hangers on to keep the wind from blowing off the cover. In the afternoon the hands finished crocking up the oats next to Rowels. The weather was quite cool all day and cloudy after 10 AM. Aug. 14 Finished stacking the wheat 4 stacks. I think there will be 400 bushel.

Commenced to stack the rye 4 big stacks all in good condition. I think the 4 stacks will yield 250 bushel.

Sept. 2, Commenced to stack the mown oats. Sept. 4, up 2 large stacks and one small one would yield a likely 300 bushels if thrashed will make good hay for stock of more value than if thrashed likely. Rained on the 7th at 10 AM and continued all day.

Sept. 11, 1917 The frost on the night of the 11th of September damaged the muck ground corn so there will not be 10 pr ct of a crop. Much of the low land corn is also damaged greatly and the high land replant is also damaged 70 pr. ct.

Page 100 Book 24 Daisy, Charley Lows cow had a calf Sept. Coats hereford cow served by H. Bull Sept 13, 1917.

W. E. Kelsey is building 3 silos that will cost about $550.00. and a barn near 1200. The whole when finished near 2000.00.

I am of the opinion that the investment is not a good one and a failure to make the investment a paying one not more than 50 cts. on the dollar. In other words a fizzle.

I have advised him from the beginning to build one silo and a barn not to exceed $800. Any expense beyond would be extravagant and not a good investment.

Quite natural to over estimate the dairy business and a disposition to build for show. The facts are that almost every man who builds a fine house and barn has nothing to give his children. Such persons are looked on for a while as quite enterprising but in the end wind up a fizzle. Seldom ever realize more than 50 pr ct of the outlay and some times not 25 pr ct.

I have never been disposed to build for show and for that reason I have something to give to the children when they start for themselves and have plenty left and enjoying myself much better than those who have built extravagantly.

Page 101 Book 24 H. H. Fedley, Indiana State Fire Marshall, No. 57 & 59 S.H. Indianapolis, Ind. Sept. 10, 1917

Sent a letter and petition to him concerning the moving of my barn, wood house and sheds on Lot No 1 & 2 in Monterey. I wrote a letter dated the 13th of Sept. in answer to the letter I received from Fedley stating in the letter that he could waive the 5 days limit and revoke the orders as he did last spring.

I also asked him for an extension of time 30 days if he would not revoke the orders for the removal of my barn and sheds on Lot 1 & 2 in Monterey. Proved no good.

I also wrote a letter to A. P. Hartman Assist State Fire Marshall asking him to revoke the orders he issued the 23day of August 1917. If not to grant me 30 days more time to remove the buildings.

If I had known the law on the 23rd of August as I know it. I would have appealed to the circuit court and won out easy.

Sept. 15, Received a letter from State Fire Marshall H. H. Fedley, Indianapolis in answer to my letter for extension of time for the removal of my buildings on Lot No. 1 & 2 in Monterey. He refered the matter to Assist State Fire Marshal Robert Head, Plymouth, Ind. Sept. 14, 1917 date of H. H. Fedleys letter Sept. 14, 1917. Sept. 15, 1917 I phoned Robert Head who lives at Plymouth, Ind. See 104

Page 102 Estimate of cost of growing wheat, corn, oats, clover, and truck on 100 acre farm as follows: Cost of 100 acres $10,000, Int. 10 10,000 pr anum 600.00, Tax, 150.00, Repairs pr anum 150.00, Hire help pr anum 800.00, Horses cost $500, Farm implements 500, Food for horses pr anum 500, Int. on 6 pr ct. 15.00, Extra help on harvesting 100.

Page 103 Book 24 Commenced to seed to wheat 18 acres west of the orchard an Shenk place. 3 acres of the ground is oats stuble north of the 15 acres of corn . I first plowed the oats ground the 7th of September than harrowed it twice the spring ---- harrow then once with the flexible harrow. Then drilled 11/4 bushel of wheat with disk drill pr acre east and west Sept. 11 & 12th. I commenced to drill with Arthur's disk corn drill. To drill 11/4 bushel pr acre in the corn west of the plum and apple orchard the 12th of Sept. after finishing the 5 acres on the north adjoining.

George Collins doing the drilling. The corn at this time in the field is not near ripe much of it is in the milk stage, requiring not less than 2 weeks for it to ripen. The corn on the Ranch is not yet in roasting ears. The corn on the Reister place will require 3 weeks yet to ripen.

Sept. 14 Finished seeding to wheat the ground west of the orchard on Shenk place. The field 18 acres about 15 acres seeded. There bring a strip 16 inches wide on each row of corn on 15 acres.

Wes Hiland cutting the weeds on the clover fields will finish cutting near 30 acres today. Sept. 14, 1917

Sept. 29, 1917 Drilled 3/4 bushel rye pr acre on the 5 acre on the tract south of garden on Reister place that has been a failure to produce in the past 20 years anything more than 10 pr ct of a crop. I intend to top dress the tract with manure and note the result. I am of the opinion that the land can be made productive.

Page 104 Book 24 Robert Head answered me over the phone and said he would come to Monterey Monday morning the 17 and inquire in to the matter as to moving the building I was ordered to move on or before Sept. 2, l917. Sept. 17, R. come early in the morning and viewed the premises and heard my statement of the spite workers and give me 60 days more time and said the corn crib and hog pen did not need to be moved only the stable and cow shed and wood house need moving and may be the wood house order will be revoked.

R. Head Ass. State Fire Marshall is seemingly splendid man and fully understands his business and desposed to act intelligently and justly

Page 105 Book 24 W.E.K. & A.J.K. gone to Michigan to look after dairy cows. Both of them now have more than they will feed and care for. I am of the opinion that the enterprise they now have in their heads will eventualy be a failure and do both of them much damage financialy.

They came back without making any purchase which I am of the opinion was a good thing for them except some calves.

They both now have enough to care for in the way of stock more than will be cared for right. This coming winter and next winter 1918 & 1919.

They will both know when the winters is over that they short of what they estimate in the way of profit. (sic)

I am of the opinion that both of them will be out of silage long before grass comes. I am of the opinion that W.E. Kelsey will be out of cash and nothing to put on the market to raise money to meet his expense and to cover the debts contracted in the building of the barn. I stated last spring that the building a barn costing more than 6 or 8 hundred dollars was extravagance and would realize one half what was estimated as to advantage. (sic)

Page 106 Book 24 Weather for Sept. 1917

Page 107 Niel Hazen commenced to work Sept 24th 1917 at one dollar pr day. I let him live in the Reister house free of rent.

Seeded to wheat the 4 acres next to the Griffin ditch with Luskey red wheat I bought of Harman Rank 11/4 bushel pr acre Sept. 24, 1917

Jersey cow bough at Buchanan sale had a calf this morning male, Sept. 24, 1917

Oct. 13, 1917 I wrote a letter to Robert J. Head Assistant Fire Marshall stating that I had removed all the buildings ordered by the State Fire Marshall and cleaned up the rubish and that the stable was now in good condition. I asked him to come and view the premises and relieve me of further removal.

Page 108 Book 24 Sept. 25, at the Home of Dr. Washburn Medical meeting at Star City. Subject for discussion typhoid fever. Dr. Johnson read a paper on the sitolog which was very good. The discussion was quite interesting and instructive. The treatment suggested by some was certainly not good. Scarcely any two physicians alike in their opinions.

Page 109 Book 24 Grew potatoes as follows the season of 1917.

16 bushels south of John Marbaughs. 8 bushels south of the orchard on Reister Place, 27 bushels at the Ranch up to the 18 of Oct. 1917 all dug. 7 bushel in plum orchard on Shenk place 8 making in all to date south of town 16 about $58. to dig at the Reister place.

(incomplete as written)

I reseeded the 40 acres on the Reister place the 15,16, &17th, about 3 pecks pr acre. I commenced to seed the land at the Ranch south of the house Oct. 18, 1917. George Collins running the disk drill. Wes Hiland disked the ground on the 15,16, & 17 and is now disking where Kept Demont raised oats the 18th, and east of the stacks, next to the rye field, including the old potatoe patch, over to the line between me and Rowel all that part that is muck ground intend to drill 3 pecks pr acre. (sic)

Page 112 Book 24 I sold 3 head of horses to John Baker Winamac, Ind. Oct. 22, 1917 for $435.00. Black Tom Mahler horse $150.00, Wagner mare $150.00. Black gelding that was a stud 4 weeks same $135.00, delivered them to Baker at Winamac Oct. 22, 1917 $435.00

Oct. 22, 1917 W. E. Kelsey sold John, the Slonaker gray horse, for 125.00 to Baker the same man I sold to.

Oct. 2, 1917 Commenced to build the wood house F. Hartman & A.J. Kelsey.

Oct 24 Commenced to build a cow stable about 18 feet long and

Oct. 25 Cleaned out the old drug store and make ready tear down for room for the library building. Halled to sheff out to the Shire school house.

24 & 25 W. E. Kelsey seeded rye, disk drill the piece on Shenk place 3/4 bushel pr acre after the land was double disked and harrowed over except a small strip on the east side of the prairie. 25 then commenced to seed the corn field east of the prairie. The east 1/2 N. Bridegroom done the drilling.

Page 113, Book 24 Oct 26, 1917 George Collins who has been working for me almost 2 years quit today and move to Knox. I paid him for the work about 530.00 pr year. I am of the opinion that he has made a mistake by moving or rather throughing up his work with me. I paid him much more than he earned on account of poor seasons to grow crops. He was a good man and trusty. He said that he could not stand to be deviled by Wes Hiland that he would just as leave be in hell as to endure what he has.

I made him a present last year of $25. cash at the end of the year and intend to do same next. Much which would be the end of his year work pr agreement. I will loose as much as he earned me in the past 8 months by reason of his quiting me a this season of the year. Much of the crop is not yet saved and likely to be lost once greatly damaged.

I do not think any less of him for quiting me from the fact Wes Hiland by reason of his ignorance and seemingly uncontrollable disposition makes most of men and people tired. Wes was very jealous of George Collins from the fact he knew Collins was a good man to work and would not shirk and knew how to work.

Page 114 Book 24 I mailed a letter to H. H. Fedley State Fire Marshall, Indianapolis, Ind. Nov. 1, 1917 asking him to send me your release of the 3 orders 3208, 5209, & 3210 ordering buildings removed on Lot No 1 & 2 in Eli Demon plot of the town of Monterey, Ind.

Nov. 3, 1917 Commenced to scrape out for basement of Library on Lot No 2

Finished roofing the wood house AJK and Frank Hartman done the work.

Nov. 3, 1917 Finishing removing the old drug store this day Nov. 3, 1917. The damage to me by reason of the wrecking the old printing office, and old drug store has been not less then $500.00.

The $250.00 I received from the managers of Carnegie did not pay more than one fourth of cost and damage of the moving of the 2 buildings. The ground I decided was virtually donated, work not less than 500.00.

Page 115 Book 24 Nov. 5 Commenced to drill rye on the 16 acres on east side next Rowel's 3/4 bushel pr acres.

Nov. 1917 G. Collins commenced to drill rye on the north piece of land where Kep Demont raised oats finished the drilling November 6.

Built cow barn 7,8,9,& 10 of November. Frank Hartman and A.J.K. done most of work. Nov. 1,2,&3 I built wood house 16 ft square 10 feet high best in Monterey.

Nov. 10 Built house for seed granery for seed corn Niel Hazen and myself built it in 5 hours and finished it.

Nov. 10 2 sows served by Poland Chinas boar will farrow March 10, 1918 if I do not butcher them.


Built a shed for kindling south west corner of wood house and filled it with kindling.

Page 116 Book 24 Oct. 29 Raining almost all day. In the afternoon got colder. At 8 PM commenced to snow and blow. At midnight themometer 22. At 6 AM morning of the 30th 20 above, cold all forenoon blustering snow, thawing very little. At one PM, the 30th, 22 above, windy. At 6 PM 22. At 7AM morning of the 31st 1917, 24 above calm and a little sunshine. 30 degree. 12 oclock noon snowing and colder than at 10 AM 4 degrees. Little blizzard like. 26 degree at 8 PM calm.

Sunday the 12 of Nov. 1917 gathered about 2 bushel of seed corn on the west side of the field on Shenk place. The seed is fine and if dried before cold weather it will be better than risking seed from other farms. This variety of corn is good and early.

Nov. 3 Finished seeding rye on the land adjoining the field that Kep Demont had in oats about 10 or 12 acres. I also had the oats hay that was scattered by hogs and horses cocked up.

I dug one bushel of potatoes on the Reister place along the old hedge. There is one bushel yet to dry then done.

Page 117 Book 24 I sent the deed for the 2 school houses I bought of Frank Keitzer Trustee of Tip Township PC to Winamac to Wm Munchenberg auditor for transfer and recording. I sent check for 1.25 to pay expense and asked Munchenberg to attend to the matter for me. I also asked him to send me check for the bill I filed 3 months since for medical service rendered Henry Forsythe that I thought was allowed at the Aug. or Sept. term of Commies const. 1917 About Nov. 1, 1917.

Nov. 12 & 13 worked the road tax out on Doyles supervision 5.00. Niel Hazen worked at the cow stable Nov. 13 and 14. Frank Hartman helped me in the afternoon 3 hour on the 13th. He also help me one 1/2 day previous to roof the cow stable. When the stable is finished it will be better than common for comfort.

Nov. 14, 15 and Wes Hiland worked on the road under Winter's Slmaker for it 2 days 6.00. 15th Niel Hazen work with D. Winters. (sic)

15th W. E. Kelsey's barn work to done by Peter said to be finished.

Nov. 19,1917 Bought of W. E. Kelsey 3 cows for $155.00 and paid him for same check.

Page 118 Book 24 Record of the weather for Nov. 1917.

Page 119 Book 24 Stabled 3 cows in the new cow stable Sunday evening the 18 of Nov. 1917. Patients: Frank Keitzer to presc wife 1.00, Friz to presc wife paid .75, Frank Keitzer to visit Marie Hiland 2.00, Sam Allen to presc wife extra 2.25, Phil Wagner for self 1.25, Sam Allen strychne pills .35, Frank Keitzer, Trustee, Niel Hazen to presc lumbago 1.00, Sam Allen to presc wife extra 1.50, Nels Bridgroon to rest babe .75 & 1.50, Sam Allen to presc wife 1.50, Vick Follmar to presc Elizabeth .75, for boy .75.

Page 120 Book 24 Nov. 19, 1917 I ordered a suit of clothes $12.50 black serg same fashion I am now wearing I bough of Sus Reis of Knox last spring also one pair of pans 3.00 Paid $2.20 cash and will owe $13.50 when they arrive in about 2 weeks, stated by the agent.

Nov. 28, 1917 Come all right and paid W. E. Kelsey in full for same.

Nov. 19, 1917 Drilled rye on the land at Ranch south of the dredge ditch on west side of the field where Will grew onions.

Nov. 21 Finished drilling rye on Ranch. There is now seeded to rye on the Ranch 70 acres on Reister place 40, making in all 110 acres.

W. E. Kelsey sold 21 head of hogs that weighed 1580 lbs. for 16 cts pr lb. amounting to $252.80 Also sold 6 head of cows for $285.00 making $507.80. 3 of the cows I bought for $155.00. The ballance of the stock Zeichel boys bought.

Page 121 Book 24 I attend the tri-Medical meeting at Laport, Ind. Nov. 21, 1917 and banquet in the evening. The meeting was splendid. The following noted physicians were in attendance. Dr. Frank Billings, Dr. Otzener of Chicago, Dr. Miles Porter of Fort Wayne, Dr. Baker of Detroit, Mich and many other physicians that were of lesser note. The papers read were principaly on infection and serum and treatment in the various areas. The general opinion was the serum treatment is not reliable.

Dr. Otzenar (Olzenar) lectured on surgical treatment of exophthamic goiter. Find address and very instructive.

The banquet was splendid at the hotel were near 500 guests were in attendance. The noon lunch was excellent costing nothing to the attending physicians.

Nov. 22 & 23 Halled manure in the plum orchard Thursday & Friday Wes & Niel.

Page 124 Record of the weather for Dec. 1917 from the 5th See page 118.

Dec. 6, 6 AM 20 above zero snow about 2 inches deep calm and still snowing a little looks most winter like of any morning this fall.

Dec. 7, 6 AM 10 above calm & clear coldest this winter. Thawed a little in the afternoon. At 8 PM 24 above zero.

Dec. 8, 6 AM 20 snowing & calm at 9 AM commenced to BLOW and get colder blizard like wind very strong . At one PM 10 above zero. The worst storm of the winter so far. 2 below zero at 6 PM. At midnight 9 below.

Dec. 9, 6 AM 10 below calm very keen snow about 2 inches zero at 12 and snowing blizard like at 6 PM 2 below.

Dec. 10, 6 AM 11 below calm & clear.

Dec. 11, 6 AM 12 " zero at 6 PM

Dec. 12, 6 " below At 6 PM 12 above quite a change in temperature.

Dec. 13, 6 AM 12 above zero snowed last night and still snowing this morning snow about 5 in. deep calm no wind very still winter sure. Evening 4 above snowed again last night.

Dec. 14, 6 AM 4 above zero a little blizard like.

Dec. 15, 6 AM 10 below zero calm & frosty almost clear. Saturday

Dec. 16, 6 AM 6 above snowed 2 inches last night clear this morning and calm.

Dec. 17, 6 AM 1 below calm snow now about 8 inches deep See page 128.

Page 125 Book 24 Great explosion at Halifax, Nova Scotia Dec.7,1917 5000 people killed and injured and millions loss in property in city.

Patients: Grant Burket, George Brutnell to attend wife OB Name of wife Anette Brutnell $15.00, Age 43 George Brutnell age 35 both English child female.,Young Casper, Paul Buchanan, Sam Allen, Mrs. Mary Fogel, Frank Keitzer Trustee, Niel Hazen (11 visits, 10 listed as 1.50).

Page 126 Book 24 Doctors asserts that Kines serum is the latest and most effective for pneumonia. Cuetro spinal meningitis is very contagious. This is a disease of the spinal cord which spreads to the membranes of the brain. Treated by sticking a needle in the spinal cord with draining the germs and injecting Flexners serum.

Dec. 18, 1917 W. E. Kelsey 600 lbs. of hominy hearts at 2.75 pr 100 $55 pr ton 2.75 x 6= $16.50.

Dec. Wm Hartman to atten wife Ob. girl 15.00.

Dec. 21 Fred Miller and Harry Shall begun to wreck the Brucker Scholl house. I agree to give them $18 if they take the building down carefully and pile each kind of material separate and save the brick in chimmey without breaking.

Dec. 23 halled 3 loads first day 350.00

Dec. 24 " " " 450.00

Dec. 25 " 1 " 150.00

Dec. 26 " 2 " lumber 300.00

Dec. 27 " 3 " 450.00

Dec. 28 " 2 " 300.00

Page 127 Book 24 Patients: Dec. 15, Wm Hartman, Dec 14 to attend wife Ob 15.00 girl, Wife Elizabeth 37 yrs. old, Wm Hartman age (left blank), Casper boy, Sam Allen, Frank Keitzer to extra presc Wes Hiland, George Sellers to visit girl night. Met Dr. Parker of Culver and Dr. White of Knox pneumonia & active nephitis 6.00, A. Keitzer to visit N. Hazen 1.50, George Sellers to visit girl 5.00, Harry Shall 1.50 & .50.

Page 128 Book 24 Record of the weather for last 1/2 of December 1917 See page 124 6 days in December below zero as follows 8,9,10,11, 12, and 17th.

Dec. 17, 6 AM 1 below zero calm

Dec. 18, " 28 above zero calm and cloudy

Dec. 19, " 33 " cloudy & calm.

Dec. 20, " 36 " " thawing snow most all gone 46 at 2 PM snow almost gone and still thawing evening about all gone.

Dec. 21, 6 AM 34 & calm ground pretty well thawed..

Dec. 22, " 16 above zero calm.

Dec. 23, " 33 " " "

Dec. 24, " 30 " almost clear & calm

Dec. 25, " 18 " a little breezy

Dec. 26, " 8 " clear & calm

Dec. 27, " 12 " calm

Dec. 28, " 10 " "

Dec. 29, " 4 below zero

Dec. 30, " 2 " calm 8 days below zero this month, 7 was for snow, 8th

2 below in the evening at midnight., 9 below 9th, 10 below 11th, 12 below 12, 6 below 15th, 10 below 17th, 1 below 29, 4 below 30, 2 below 30, 2 above, snowing a bite. 31 8 above calm This month has been a cold month winter every day and no rain of consequence snow on the ground most of the month See 150 for Jan 1918.

Page 129 Book 24 Wes & Niel cut wood in the river bottom and halled it in and put it in the woodhouse.

Jacob Becks wife died today with double pneumonia also Wolfs wife at Delong with tuberculon pneumonia.

Wes Hiland fed at the Ranch and halled in a load of rye hay.

Sunday, Dec. 9, A.J.K. & family took dinner with us.

Dec. 15 Butchered one hog weighing about 125 dressed.

I bought of G. Chittic one ton of bran and one ton of hominy hearts. The bran---pr ton hominy hearts $55 pr ton. I got 300 weight of the hominy and --- of the bran. Ballance I am to get as soon as it is shipped in.

Dec. 27, I sent a letter to Arthur Kinley to settle bill for medical service rendered babe, self, & wife in March 1915 amount of bill 31.25. Settled by Jan. 10, 1918,

I wrote a letter to Mel Osborn in regard to the Melner arm of the Fletcher ditch. I also wrote one on the same subject date Nov. 26, 1917, and received no reply.

Dec. 18, I attend Oddfellows banquet this night. Burt Long and S. Johnson were initiated. Leiters Ford team done the work. Fine never see better work.

Page 130 Book 24 Frank Keitzer to visit N. Hazen 1.50 to presc.Mrs. Hazen .75, to visit N. Hazen 1.50. George Sellers to visit girl A.J. & myself night 7.00 Dec. 20 To visit girl 5.00, girl died in the evening accute nephritis etiology as follows. She had an attact of tonsilitis with superation puss infection to developed the pneumonia and nephritic phumatic and cystic ailing that caused her death. Puss tonsiler absess. (sic)

Patients: A. Keitzer, Sam Allen, Vick Follmar.

Page 131 Book 24 Booked up to Jan. 1, 1918 for the year 1917 medical services $834.50. Dec. 28, 1917 at 12 oclock at noon the government to control of all the R. R. Roads in the U.S.

Dec. 31, 1917 The dairy business at Monterey seemingly is petered out. May be fixed up so the milk can be shipped at a profit. The report is that the barns in this locality are not sanitary and the millk producers cannot be depend on to stay with the parties who handel it in Chicago.

Jan. 4, 1918 Paid the last note on the Meridith property Lot No 3 P. W. Demose plot $156.95.

Jan. 8, 1918 Attend sale at Wm Peters near Ora. I bid off 12 horse wagon treble new bed for 41.00. One iron wheel 2 horse wagon 10.50 with dump boards on same for 41.00. Two buggy tongues 2.10. One horse collar 1.75. 1 buggy 10.50. 1 corn seed grader 1.15 Oats all he had 88 cts pr bushel about 125 bushels supposed 10.50 Less old buggy & corn grader 1.15. There was 2860 lbs. of oats net 89.13

Page 132 Book 24 John J. Smith Winamac, Ind. Route No 6

Jan 4, 1918 F. Keitzer Trustee, Boy W. Hiland Long .75, presc girl W. Hiland .75 N. Hazen rheumatism 1.50. Patients: Jacob Dunkelberger 3.75, Frank Shall 1..50 & 1.25, Mrs. Nick Harts presc 8 yr. old girl 1.00, Frank Keitzer to visit N. Hazens girl lung trouble 1.50

Jan 16, Over to the Ranch today there is 30 head of horses eating the rye in shocks and cocks. The horses look pretty well Wes & Niel halled a load of oats hay over this afternoon and up set north of George Exavers.

Page 133 Book 24 Statement of exemption of products from income tax

Tax in S. County 1917 $163.00

Tax in Pulaski Co. l917 404.04

Interest on lands in Stark & P. County. 24.00

Feed for 45 head of horses 1917

Feed for 80 head of cattle 1917 735.00

Hired help 1917 1250.00

My own help and team 1917

to supervise work 500.00

Rye to seed 150 acres at 1.65 pr bushel 165.00

Paid for thrashing grain 1917 Diltz 28.00

Wheat to seed 20 acres 1917 43.00

Seed corn for 65 acres 1917 15.00

Hominy hearts & bran feed for stock 109.90

Seed oats from Fox & M. Keller 1917 5.00

Damage by storm to 65 acres of oats 1917 crop 1500.00

Seed oats from Henry Fox 1917 110.00

Allen cow died Apr. 1917 80.00

Lester cow died at Ranch 65.00

Fertilizer 20 tons gypsum 100.00

Stable & barn yd fertilizer to cover 22 acres 8 loads pr acre 176 loads 352.00

Damage by storm & frost in Stark Co. 1500.00

Damage corn in Pulaski Co. 37 acres 825.00

1 holstein cow bought & give to Sennet 62.50

Stock full from Chittic Bran & Hearts 93.75

Pasture for 110 head of cattle and horses 780.00

Wear & tear of buildings 1917 100.00

Hay and straw purchased 1917 110.00

Interest on loan in Pulaski Co. 1917 331.00

3 head of heifers sold bought in 1917 119.00

Library Lot sold 250.00

Bought of Miller oats for feed 1917 65.00

Bought old school houses 247.00

Lumber for repairs of buildings 45.00

Fence post to repair fences 35.00

Gil Zehner for sawing lumber for

repairs and grinding grain 25.00

For hogs and stock 1917 51.35

Tax on Kansas land 140.00

Two colts worth $70 70.00

One calf Crumply cows 25.00

834.50 x 6= 5007.00

Page 134 Book 24 Patients: J. Casper, Phil Wagner, Sam Allen, Whiting 6 visits for boy each $3.00.

Jan. 22, Wes & Niel halled 3 loads of straw from F. Hol---- field south of Sullivans.

Jan. 23, Wes halled a load of oats hay from the Ranch and brought in 11 horses and put them down at the lower barn.

Jan. 23, I bought 3040 lbs of coal of Peters for $6 pr ton pocahontas. Niel put it in the cellar.

Page 135 Book 24

1917 Bought Slonaker cow $50.00 Sold for $65.00.

Wear & tear on farm implements $125.00

Holstein cow bought at Bass Lake 62.50

Bought corn to feed stock 1917 735.00

60 head of cattle and 50 horses

Oats of Miller W--- Place 1917

Bought 1 heffer of AM Kleckner 40.00

Bought 2 heifers of Stevens 1917 62.00

Bought 2 heifers of T. Clark 1917 78.00

Hay & and straw purchased for 110.00

Horses and cattle 1917

350 fence posts 10 cts each 35.00

Repairing 350 rods of fence 50.00

Storm damage to 45 acres

Rye that would have yielded

15 bushel pr acre if not damaged by storm

that yielded not more

than 5 bushel pr acre Loss of 40 450.00

Damage by storm of roof of

Reister Barn 1917 20.00

Damage by storm on Shenk Barn 1917 20.00

Sold 2 steers C. Baker 1916 96.00, Sold in 1917

Sold in 1917 for 120.00

Lost 2 colts in 1917 worth

1 yearling and mid summer 65.00

Lost Allen cow 1917 80.00

Lost Lester " " 65.00

One hereford calf 4 m old 1917 35.00

7 sh----30 lbs each ---- 1917 35.00

Hired men 12.50

Fine hay straw stalk pasture 1917 150.00

150 bushel seed oats to seed 90 acres 110.00

1917 hominy hearts & bran 2 tons 93.90

Page 136 Book 24 Patients: Jan. 28, 1918 Rank daughter consultation 5.00, Mrs. Magie Allen 2.00, Young Casper 1.00, Feb. 1, Whiting 3.00, & 3.00, Robert King 3.75, Martin Vogel paid Mrs. Vogel's bill for medical service in last sickness 2.00., N. Hamis .75, Sam Allen 1.00, Magie Genther Allen 1.75.

Page 137 Book 24 February 1918 Mrs. Magie Allen 1.50, Sam Allen 1.00, Jacob Dunkelberger 2.50, Frank Keitzer to visit babe L.F. 1.50, to presc Jennie .75, Frank Keitzer to visit babe 4 times 1.50 each to bot Scots emulsion .75. Frank Keitzer Trustee N. Hazen 3 visits 1.50 each.

Page 138 Book 24 I have ordered the following seeds from Salzer Seed Co. LaCross, Wis. Feb. 18, 1918

20 lbs. 20th century alfalfa No. 4213 4.00

2 bushel of spring rye No. 4672 5.30

1 lb. 4416 gold mine corn .30

1 lb. 4371 North Western Dent .30

4389 Improved Murdock 3.00

1 pkg. 1123 Red Riding Hood tomato .15

1 pkg. 1127 Inbile tomato .15

447 40 day cucumber .10

604 Muskmelon .05

671 Watermelon .10

218 Earlies cabbage .15

974 Earlies snow radish .05

1094 Delicious squash .05

57 Giant wax bean .10

1 lb. 4752 Marvel spring wheat .10

4751 Margins spring wheat .10 Total $14.00

I bought of Walden May his share of the corn he cultivated on Frank Mahler's place 3/5ths and agree to husk Mahlers share 2/5. There is 120 rows wide and 216 long in the field 10 rows makes 35 bushels. The first 6 rows was mine the next 8 Mahler's the next 12 rows mine and the next Frank Mahler's and so on until all is divided and husked out. Feb. 23, Husked for me up to date 4 loads about 130 bushels to date.

Page 139 Book 24 Friday February 22, 1918 Frazier cow had a heifer, guernce 1/2 blood, fine cow. Feb. 24 Wes Hiland cow served by Taylor bull.

Patients: Feb. 20 Frank Keitzer to presc W. Hiland's boy 1.00 & 2.00, 21st. Frank Keitzer to visit W. Hiland's boy 2 visits 2.00 each., Frank Keitzer to visit Hiland boy Influenze & lung trouble 4 visits, 2.00 each. Frank Keitzer to visit child of Niel Hazen 2 visits 1.50 each, Frank Keitzer to visit babe 1.50, Harry Shall..75, Mose .75. Alva Hoesel 1.00, Jo Gu-sell 1.25.

Page 140 Book 224 Feb. 25 1918 Patients: Young Casper, Frank Keitzer to visit babe, Mrs. L. Allen, Frank Keitzer to visit babe of N. Hazen Influenze 1.50, Lon Hiland, Mart Fogel, Jennie Miller, Frank Keitzer for babe of N. Hazen, Frank Keitzer visit own babe, Frank Keitzer to visit babe of Wes Hiland ecezma on the head, Young Casper.

Page 141 Book 24 Page and record of breeding and cows calving. Allen Heifer served by Taylor bull Feb. 6, 1918, 2 /15/1918 white faced cows had calves both heifer calves Feb. 15, 1918, Buchanan cow at WEK stable had a calf Feb. 15, 1918 bull. 22nd. Frazier cow had a calf, 2 of WEK cows served by his holstein bull Feb. 20, 1918, Feb. 28 Beauty Canada cow bull white face looks like the Coats cow had a calf March 3, heifer. March 4, White face cow with big tit had calf heifer fine calf. March 8, Canada cow served Taylor bull due to calve Dec. 8, 1918. March 11, Motled faced cow calved March 11, 1918 heifer. White face hereford cow that calf bred come out of 2 years. Since calved March 14, 1918 heifer. 17th Coats cow hereford heifer, 18 Hereford cow with spot on nose heifer, 25th, Hereford cow drooped horns heifer, 24th, Hartman black cow, 25th Bridegroom cow bull, Kleckner cow calved heifer Apr. 2nd.

Page 142 Book 24 I attended Bets sale March 5, 1918 I bought 1 mare $100.00, 4 head of calves 161.50, pile of soft corn $1.30 pr bushel 10.00 Cribe of pretty good corn 7.82, 17 shocks of corn fodder.

1 Cab Hamis had on sale. 4 heifers 161.50, 1 cabb 43.00. Corn fodder 16 shocks at 26 cts. 7.36, 1 bay mare 100.00, l pile of corn 10.00, Corn in cribb 1.30 64 bush 83.40.

Breeding of stock and calving See page 141. Apr. 4 1918 Hereford cow brought in from Frank Mahler's Apr. 4, 1918 had a calf at the Reister barn.

Page 143 Book 24 Frank Keitzer to presc N. Hazen wife Uthritis 1.50, 8th Sam Allen 1.40, 9th Big rain storm in the afternoon. Thermometer in the afternoon at 2, 60 above zero. In the morning of the 10th 2 above and snowing. Snow about 2 inches deep and quite blustery and a little blizard like. 13th Big rain in the forenoon much thunder & lightening.

March 14th Drove in the afternoon 3/4 head of cows & calves on Frank Mahler's. 40 were David Light once owned. I agree to pay Frank $15.00 for about 15 acres of stalk pasture and grass near in the field and in the woods. I am to have the privilege of pasturing stock 20 days or more until they eat the stocks. Drove over 20 head of horses and colts to same pasture March 17th of 1918.

Page 144, Book 24 March 16, 1918 Burt Kleckner to presc. boy 1.00, Young Coby .75

I purchased of J. H. Houser best corn on the place where he lived. The corn was to be as good as the corn in the old house for 110 delivered. The corn husked out in the field was not so good and some of it was wet. I took 2 lbs. for being so wet and not of as good quality and give him a check for same.

Patients: Magy Allen, Young Coby. Frank Keitzer, Sold to P. Hahn 21/2 bushels of seed corn See page 129 in day book, contract for Ha-- farm the 40 acres near Winamac 1918. Medical meeting last night Winamac March 26.

Page 145 Book 24 Garden record March 20, 1918 Planted in hot bed seeds as follows: Tomato east end, early cabbage west end. March 10, 1918 Tested the seed corn and 95 pr ct good of 3 lots as follows my own raising of 1917. Henry Fox and J. Dunkleberger 1916, There was no difference in coming up.

Page 146 Book 24 Record of farm work. Commenced to plow the orchard on Shenk place March 18th, 1918. Finished seeding the orchard the 21st, 1918. Plowed the ground west of the barn and seeded to oats March 23, 1918. March 25th, Wes Hiland commenced to disk at the Ranch where I growed corn north of the dredge ditch 20 acres. 26th Continued to disk almost done. 27th Finished disking one way east & west. 27th Commenced to disk the field north of the one he finished about 20 acres in the field. 27th.. I burned the bottoms of the shocks of oats in the afternoon. The disking I think will make a fine seed bed for oats. I am of the opinion that the disking is better than plowing. I intend to sow about 13/4 bushels pr acre and seed the ground to rye after the oats is removed for pasture and possibly for a crop of rye to harvest.

1919 Finished disking the muck ground at the Ranch about 70 acres Apr. 5, 1918 Apr. 6, 1918 Commenced to disk in oats 11/2 bushels strong on the north pine where W.E.Kelsey's oats was cut. Finished it forenoon the 10th of Apr. commenced the field adjoining south where I had in corn. Disking in the oats north and south the afternoon of the 11 of Aprile 11/2 bushels strong. Finished husking corn on the Shenk place and harrowing down the stocks on the wheat Apr. 10, 1918. Repairing the fence on the west between WEK south of the rye Apr. 11, N. Hazen doing the work.

Page 147 Book 24 Breeding mares as follows and mares that has colts.

March 15 Sorrel mare bred March 15, 1918 March 29, Baker roan March 29, 1918 No Good. Allen mare bred 29, 1918

May 4 Bred boy Baker mare. Finished disking in oats south of dredge ditch Apr. 18th 1918. Casper mare bred May 24, 1918. Apr. 22, Commenced to plow the field where we had wheat about 15 acres in the pre plowing the ground about 6 inches deep. Commenced to plow for corn Apr. 22 in the new ground on Shenk place finished the first strip in one day.

Commenced to drill in clover seed on the field south of the woods where there is rye small variety. Drilled clover seed on the north end of wheat on Shenk place about 8 acres. In the 2 pieces there is about 18 acres. 25th Drilled clover seed on the Reister place south and east of the rye field west to Frank Falstitches's.

Apr. 30, Planted 1 bushel of Earlie Ohio potato I got of Ed Lewis on the west side of the Burbank plum orchard 11 rows.

Apr. 29, & 30 Niel Hazen furrowed out the new ground both ways and the plum orchard and maid it ready to plant corn or anything else.

Page 148 Book 24 Cows calving and breeding See page 141. Apr. 8, 1918 White face cow with spot on her nose drop a calf. Uhl cow had a calf Apr. 24, 1918 bull. Apr. 24, Uhl cow droped a bull calf. Apr. 18 Cow I got of E Keller had a calf about Apr. 18, 1918 heifer. Leting the Uhl cow raise it with her own. I put it with the Uhl cow the 25th of Aprile. Apr. 27th Herefor cow had a heiffer calf. Goldy's calf had a calf May 5, 1918 bull, May 10, Lost a yearling in the ditch on F. Hartman's land worth $40.00. May 11, Holstein heif I bought at Bets sale served by Miller Durham bull. 13th another Roan heifer served. 12th Daisy Jersey cow had a calf heifer. White face cow with big bag is going to have one and little Bundles yearling heifer. 18th Bay Hisey mare had a colt this morning May 18, 1918. 18th Charley Engel presc self 1.00.

Page 149 Book 24 Bred Baker mare May 4, 1918. Bull faced mare had a colt. May 12 Casper mare had a colt May the 12, 1918 mare. May 18, Hirey Boy mare. May 14, Sorrel sway back had a colt May 14, May 20, 1918 Balfaced mare Dolly's colt had a colt. May 22, Topsy had a colt May 22, 1918, 24th Bred Casper mare. Topsy bred July 8, 1918 by my Belgian stud. Jun. 9, Daisey cow served by WEK Holstein bull. Old Drake Mae had a colt July 3rd. Blin--. Babe had a colt July 12, 1918 died July 13.

Page 150 Book 24 Record of the weather January 1918 See 128, 124, 118, 111.

Jan. 1, 6 AM 10 above zero, calm snowed all day the most winter like so far.

2nd. 6 AM 10 above snow 8 inches deep. No drift so far the snow real winter very calm.

3rd. 6 AM 14 below calm this is the coldest morning this winter so far 15 at 8 PM. At 12 M 21 above.

4th 6 AM 12 below calm 1/2 clear at 12 M 25 above zero calm & clear.

5th, 6 AM 10 above calm & cloudy

6th, 6 AM 24 " zero sleeting so the limbs of the trees are bent. In the afternoon snowed about 2 inches.

7th. 6 AM 22 above zero snowing a little. At 12 M 20 above blizard. At Chicago snow reported to be 4 feet deep. Now at Monterey about 8 inches.

8th. 7 below zero almost clear.

9th 6 AM 4 below clear & calm

10 6 AM 1 below cloudy & clear.

11 " 12 above snowing a little no wind all day the snow falling perpendicular.

12 7 AM 23 below snow drifting great in places. The most drift around my house is the greatest in 58 years. Gust of wind at short intervals that is fierce. Now snow falling. The drifts in front is higher than my porch's floor. Hard storm on stock not in shelter. I don't think I ever seen things look so barren in this country as they are now. The conditions is due to the 2 past seasons not being good for crops and further by reason of idelness and extranvagance. The lesson that the people are now getting will not be forgotten soon. The people will need to mend their ways else suffer greatly and many will perish from starvation and want.

Page 151 Book 24 8 AM still blowing steady with gust blizard like the drifts the snow and drifts the sun peeks out a little occasionaly. One degree less at 8 AM 22 below. No trains on the RR running since last evening. The blockade is unusual.

There are many families out of wood and coal and the drifts are so great that no teaming can be done until the storm ceases and the roads made passable. Passenger train went east at 11 AM. Storm is more blizard like and continued blowing. Themometer at 11 AM 16 below zero. Blizard at 2 PM storming and drifting more than in the forenoon 10 below zero. 5 PM still windy 8 below zero.

Jan 13th 6 AM below zero a little wind . The blizard seems to be over. Snow 14 inches deep on the level. The roads a-ffer very bad.

14th 6 AM 3 below zero calm, 20 above zero at 12 M The sleet formed on the trees, Jan 6, 1918 still on now Jan. 14th.

15th 6 AM 2 below calm

16 6 AM 1 below calm

17 " 10 above little windy

18 Fri. " 13 below calm & clear. In the evening at 5 o'clock 4 below sun shined all day but did not thaw any.

19 Sat. 7 AM 14 below calm and almost clear.

20 Sun. 7 AM 14 -13 below zero to date clear all day.

21 Mon. 7 AM 1-14 below zero to date calm

22 7 AM 6 above calm & cloudy

23 7 AM 14 below zero calm & snowing all day a little in the evening quite blustery wind cold. Wind cold.

24 7 AM 26 above zero 40 degrees less cold than yesterday the 23rd. Fine day thawed a little up to 3 oclock.

25 7 AM 14 above zero a little breezy & cloudy.

26 9AM a terrible snow storm now one and growing colder 9 above zero at 2 PM (Page 153)

Page 152 Book 24 Record of the weather 1918 Jan 26th see oposite page 151 the 26 a terrible snow storm set in at 9 AM and continued 16 mornings Dec. 1917 below zero and 16 below zero up to the 27 including the 27 which is 4 this morning.

Jan. 27, 7 AM 4 Blow 16 Blow this month. (sic)

28, 7 AM 10 above cloudy & calm snowed a little last night. The snow is about 4 ft. deep on the level. The sleet is off of the trees since the 25th of the month. There has been up to the present date 23 snows some not very large. Since the 1st of January and 16 mornings below zero this January 1918 and l6 below zero in Dec. 1917. The coldest winter in 50 years. The snow drifts are the greatest I ever seen in my life in this county. The coldest day this winter so far was the 12 day of January 1918. 23 below zero. The coldest weather in the past 60 years was Jan. 1st 1864 28 below zero at Monterey, Ind. and at Winamac said to be 34 below. 29th 7 AM 8 below calm & clear.

30 " 4 below calm almost clear.

31 " 1 " " There has been 34 days since December below zero 16 in December and 18 in January. The coldest in 50 years or more I ever witnessed. There has been snow from 2 to 12 inches deep for 6 weeks or more. Fine winter weather most of the days.

Page 153 Book 24 Record of the weather for the month of February 1918.

Feb. 1 6 AM 4 below zero clear & calm

2 6 AM 6 below " " "

3 " 16 above a little windy all day at 3 PM 10 above zero. No thawing for 4 weeks or more. Good sleding. The snow drifts are high and not settled but little. There has been since the first day of December 36 days below zero cold continuous greater than I ever witnessed. The ground hog could see his shadow anytime during the day in this locality if he come out. I don't believe that the ground hog has any thing to do with the weather.

4 7 AM 16 below zero clear & windy. This is the 2nd coldest morning this winter 6 below at 12 M. 11 below at 1 PM 10 below at 8 PM.

5 7 AM 8 below zero 12 M zero.

6 7 AM 34 above calm & cloudy

7 7 AM 14 above " almost clear.

8 7 AM 30 above " & cloudy

9 " 24 " cloudy

10 " 18

I have had 4 loads of oats halled from Canadas about 85 bushel pr load. There is yet near 2 loads to make the 500 bushel I bought at the same.

11 7 AM 30 above clear & calm spring like. Thawed all day 42 in the afternoon.

12 7 AM 38 above rained all night and raining yet this morning and continued up to 1 PM.

13 7 AM 26 above clear & calm

14 7 AM 40 " " windy

15 7 AM 20 above wintery & windy over page 154

Page 154 Book 24 Record of the weather See page 153, 152, 151, 150, 128, 124, 118, & 98

Feb. 15, 1918 The wind blowed from the south west up to about 3 oclock when a dark cloud appeared in the west and thunder. The cloud shifted to the north raining but a few drops at Monterey. After the cloud passed the wind fell so it was quite calm and colder during the night and quite wintery in the morning.

Thurs. 15th 16 above zero and a little windy. Temp. stood at 20 degrees above all day.

Fri. 16th 7 AM 20 above zero snowing so the ground is cover 2 inches deep wind from the east. The snow is good for the wheat and rye and better for stock than rain and mud.

Sat. 17 7 AM 20 above snowing a little all day ground covered over complete 1 or 2 inches deep.

Sun. 18 7 AM one below zero calm. and almost clear UP to 34 at 2 PM.

19 7 AM 46 above zero calm.

20 " 10 " snowed last night

21 " 2 below snow covers the ground.

22 " 20 above clear & calm.

23 " 28 above " little wind

24 7 AM 36 Thawed all day, did not freeze last night almost clear calm

25 7 AM 36 above cloudy Rained at 10 AM the 25 & thundered.

26 6 AM 22 almost clear breezy

27 7 AM 34

28 7 AM 34 raining considerable

Page 155 Book 24 Record of the weather for month of March 19198 See oposite page 154 for last 1/2 of February 1918 & 152 for the first 1/2 of February 1918.

March 1 st 7 AM 26 almost clear calm ground still froze.

3rd 7 AM 32 almost clear calm

Sun 4 7 AM 30 fine day calm

Mon 5 7 AM 38, 72 at 2 PM cloudy

6 7 AM 30 In the evening snowed about 1 inch quite winter like.

7 7 AM 20 above zero snow 1 inch Calm winter like.

8 7 AM 30 " "

9 7 AM 36 "Raining and windy. In the afternoon rain storm and lightening. I never see it blow and rain so hard for near one hour. Turned colder in the evening droping from 60 to 40 by 6 PM continued to get colder all night and commenced to snow at midnight and in the morning about 2 inches deep.

10 7 PM 20 above zero 40 degrees colder that at 2 PM. Yesterday the 9th still snowing a little this morning wind from the east part of the time then from the west, quite winter like, and has a blizard threatening at 7 AM now, while I am registering.

11 7 AM 22 above calm almost clear

12 " 46 " " cloudy

13 " 42 " Raining hard calm thundered considerable & lightened.

14 7 AM 40 above windy rained last night about midnight once hailed night of the 13th.

15 6 AM 26 above calm clear

16 " 20 above clear & calm

17 "

18 " 36 clear & calm

19 " 40 "

20 " 45 " "

Page 156 Book 24 Inventory of the stock horses, cattle & hogs as follows: Horses and colts 49, 12 of these are work horses common. There are 21 head of colts some come late in summer and fall. The work horse are common. The colts very poor & flesh. The other horses are mixed not very good raised out of the stable winter and summer. Raised on grass. Cattle 53 head including the calves about yearlings.

There are 24 calves that are poor in flesh some late. 9 milk cows midling good. 23 head of mix breed grasses used only for breeding.

Farm implements $80, wagons & bugies 50, no good. Manure spreader about worn out $15.00.

Hogs one brood sow 100 lb. 4 shoats 40 lbs. or near. Store houses on Lot No one both torn down 6 months since. 2 school house tracts of ground 3/4 acres Bruckers and 1/2 acre Wade school house and ground should be assessed and the 3/4 of an acre of ground break at the rate pr acre of the George Brucker farm 15 or 20 dollars would be sufficient as the south 1/2 of the school crop is no good.

Page 157 Book 24 Testing seed corn that I have and intend to plant the season of 1918. Put in 40 grains Reeds Yellow dent I got of Henry Fox and 10 grains of the Dunkelberger corn in same pan. The inner circle is the Dunkelberger variety, Pride of the North. Both varieties is corn grown in 1916.

These 2 varieties is in the deep porcelain pan put in Monday the 4 of March 1918. On the 8th of March coming up. On the 19th the corn stood 10 inches high.

Testing my own and H. Fox corn I put 9 grains of each in a pan. My own is the row on the east side of the pan when the pan sets with the hole in the rim to the north and the Fox, 2 inches to the east.

Page 158 Book 24 Weather for March 1917

Page 159 Book 24 Record of garden on Meredith lot in Monterey. Plowed the lot the 20th of March and laid it out in beds as follows and planted onions, beets, peas, parsnips, radishes, lettuce, turnip seed on the 21st, 22 and the 23. Planted Early Ohio potatoe and rows of old fashioned peach blow potatoes. The peach blow is the first row on the south end of the lot. (Book show diagram of the garden plot and seeds planted).

Page 160 Book 24 Medical meeting last night at Winamac, Ind. March 26, 1918. Next meeting at Medaryville, Ind. last Tuesday in Aprile 1918. Papers to be read 2, George Thompson, Pneumonia, Dr. Washburn internal -------.

Patients: Sam Allen, Anne Langenbahn, Frank Keitzer Trustee for H. Forsythe 9 visits at $3.75 each, G. Chittic, Miller, Peter Hames.

I sold 4 horses today Mahler horse Bitz mare black team 8 & 10 years old all good for $525.00. To George Farrar Muncie, Ind. seemed like a good honest man.

Page 161 Book 24 I brought the cattle and horses from Frank Mahlers in the afternoon of Apr. 4, 1918. 19 colts & horses and 21 head of cattle cows and yearlings and 7 spring calves. I put them on the Reister place. 19 head of colts and horses on south side and the cattle on the north side. The stock all looked pretty good. One of the hereford cows was calving on the way and after we put them in at the barn, there is 15 heifer calves belonging to the 21 all hereford white faces.

May 3, I took over to the Ranch 30 head of yearling calves and turned them in on the north of the dredge ditch. On the 6th I turned them on the rye south of the house. On the 8th I turned them in on the north were Kep Demont ruined oats 1917 to eat or shorten the rye and mat it. Less dangerous getting frosted.

May 7, 1918 I drove over to the Ranch 53 head of cattle & sucking calves there was about 18 of the 53 sucking calves. I turned them on the 20 acres of rye next to Rowels to shorten it and to make it later to head out. The pasture on the Ranch is fine at this time.

Planted 2 rows of potatoes I got of L. Peters said to be Early Rose on Reister place next to where A.J.Kelsey planted.

Page 162 Book 24 Patients: Frank Overmire, Miller on Wade place, Sam Allen, Frank Keitzer Trustee for Mrs. Forsythe 1.50, Henry Forsythe 1.50, N. Hazen, Girl of Hazen exzema, To visit oldest girl fell from top of wood house. 1.50 & .75.

Page 163 Book 24 Apr. 7, 1918 I drove all of the cattle from the lower barn on Shenk place and put them on the Reister place where I drove several last week. There is 36 head on the south of the road including the Canadas cows, calf, and 34 head of cattle on the north and 11 sucking calves making in all both old and young 81 head if no mistake . There may be only 34 head on north side including the calves.

Drove 10 head of colts out 28th the Reister place and put them on the south side west of the house.

Apr. 29, Attended funeral of Le Slonaker large attendance buried at Leiters about 3:30 PM.

Brought 5 little pigs from Shenk place and put them in pen where Laney fattened one and sold for 30.60. They would weigh about 15 lbs. each. Laney is to have one of them for feeding them until ready for sale. That is when they will weigh___.

Page 164 Book 24 Record of weather for Apr. 1918.

Page 165 Book 24 I reported to P. J. Croger, Indianapolis as to prescribing opium to those addicted to use of same Apr. 30, 1918.

Apr. 23rd hired Willie Hiland to work for me for 6 months for $75.00 and I agree to pay at the end of each week $2.25 and the remainder at the end of the time he agrees to work for and he to board himself. Contract made with Wes Hiland. The amount unpaid at the end of each month will be $3.50.

Page 166 Book 24 Patients: Eva Smith, F. Keitzer, Peter Hamis, Harman Uhl, Low Bridge, Sam Allen, Wallace south of Lawton.

Page 167 Book 24 Commenced to plant corn in the new ground on Shenk place May 3, finished it the 4th. I planted the ear of corn I got of John Marbaugh, he brought from Dacata in the south ---of the new ground. I drove a --- of stake on the north end of the first row and went west until 6 rows was planted about 8 rods long north & south.

I also planted the ear I got out of the 15 acres on Shenk place. 4 rows adjoining the 6 rows of the Dacota ear on the east in order to know whether it would ripen earlier than common. The corn I planted in the new ground was an early variety activated by having been raised in this locality for several years.

I planted in the plum orchard early sugar corn on the west side south of the Burbank plum trees between first row of trees and the next space between the plum rows I planted Stowels ever green.

I planted 2 rows of potatoes on the west side where I planted the early sweet corn and 3 rows on the south next to W.E.K's orchard. The variety of potatoes was the new white skin variety I got of Fritz and raised in the orchard where I growed cabage 1917.

My potatoes I planted in the Meredith lot is coming up May 4, 1918 Early Ohio variety.

May 5, 1918 I was out to the Reister place looking after the stock and found it all right and thriving. There are 33 head of horses there. 3 of them WEK's, remainer mine. There are 5 head at lower barn. 4 head at town north of the dredge ditch. At the Ranch, 9 head and south of the dredge ditch making altogether at this date May 5, 1918 There are (blank) head of cattle on the Ranch this date May 5, 1918, 30 most all yearlings and all heifers. (sic)

Page 168 Book 24 I plowed up the ground north of the Fish Pond and harrowed it twice with spring harrow and then sowed, broad cast, about 5 bushels of oats and harrow it in with the flexible harrow twice. Finished it May 9, 1918. It looks good and if there is no high water to flood it there will be abundant pasture.

The wheat and rye looks fine except what I seeded on the Reister land . No good on account of late seeding and poor ground.

May 10, & 11 The clover seed sowed has come up fine. Pastures are pretty good.

Seeded oats after disking twice the Praire south of Griffin ditch about 6 acres for pasture.

May 11, Planted the lots south of J. Marbaugh's stable to potatoes.

May 14, Planted Reister garden to potatoes after manuring top after plowing same.

May 14 Finished planting corn on the Ranch near 24 acres all in fine condition. Commenced to cultivate north & south the 16,17,18 finished cultivating Monday the 21, 1918.

May 17, Planted sugar cane seed in south 1/2 plum orchard 20 rows 30 rods long. N. Hazen is plowing the 10 acres south of the school house. Commenced 16th of May plowing it 71/2 or 8 inches deep.

May 24 N. Hazen finished breaking new ground & harrowed over twice with spring harrow.

Page 169 Planted some muskmellon seed in the plum orchard where I raised sugar cane. Also watermellon seed I got of Dunklebarger. On the west side of the plum orchard I planted Hubband squash seed in the plum orchard where I planted last year. Planted about 20 rows of sugar cane where I planted it last year in the plum orchard May 17, 1918.

I planted the sweet pumpkin seed also on the west side of the plum orchard and some in the new ground May 19, 1918.

May 24, Commenced to cultivate the corn south of the school house.

Lost a yearling heifer calving at the Ranch May 24, 1918. I could have saved her if I had given attention 36 hours previous.

May 28 W. E. Kelsey lost 2 head of his holstein cattle by lightening.

May 19 & 30 Planted new ground south of the woods, corn.

May 29, Commenced to plow ground east of orchard on Reister place and planted about 4 or 5 acres to corn June 6, 1918. Seeded to buckwheat 5 acres on the west of the field south of the garden June 14, sowed less then 1/2 bushel pr acre.

Page 170 Book 24 Patients: Mrs. Hoesel, Sam Allen, Fritz, Mrs. Harts, Peter Hamis, C. Engel.

June l7, 1918 Sold to Zechael Bros. 10 head of cattle motle face Allen cow, kicking cow, 3 I got of Betz sale and one of the Steven's heifers and one of the Wright cows heifers and one of the Drake heifers and one that sucked the Canada cow and 2 calves for $674.45.

Page 171 Book 24 I went to Winamac this forenoon and found the deed that Ed Reneholt made me for Lots 51 & 52 in the Hellen Keitzer plot of the town of Monterey, Ind. I paid the transfer and the recording 1.20 June 4, 1918. I also found a deed made by Frank Hartman & Emma made in 1908 not transfered nor recorded 5 Lots or parts of Lots in Eli Demas plot of the town of Monterey, Ind. June 4, 1918.

Finished replanting the corn on the Ranch about 25 acres June 4, 1918.

Wes Hiland is plowing it and will finish plowing east and west since it come up tomorrow forenoon if it does not rain to interfere June 4, 1918. (sic)

Crops are looking fine all over the country. Best I ever see in this part of the country. June 4, 1918.

Page 172 Book 24 Reported cow struck by lightening June 7, 1918. Appraised at $80.00. Reported to John Brown agt. Winamac June 10, 1918.

June 15 Took the Taylor bull over to the Ranch, white face heifer and one or two others served by Diamond.

Page 173 Book 24 June 23rd, 1918 I went to Rome City to see Emma. The frost killed much of the corn & potatoes thousands of acres were ruined on the low lands. In Stark County, Indiana the loss is great running up into the millions.

My loss as the crop of corn rye & oats in Stark Co. is not less than 1500.00 fifteen hundred dollars. There is not one hill of corn in the 25 acres that was not frosted so it will be no good. All of the low lands corn in Pulaski Co is greatly damaged.

The freeze extended east of Fort Wayne and as far south as Liberty west of Cincinati. kThere was no damage west of North Judson.

Page 174 Book 24 Patients: Mrs. Harts, Mrs. Harts with A.J.K. & Self and surgical treatment 5.75, Mrs. Harts & W.E. and Self surgical 5.00. (11 visits in all) June 28, Changed doctors. H. Uhl, Mrs. Hoesel, F. KeitzerTrustee, to visit Wes Hiland little boy and little girl 2.50.

June 21 Paid $3 for Willie Hiland, the same to be deducted from the $25 I agree to pay him provide he works out his time in full which will be Oct. the 20, 1918 provide he looses no time.

Page 175 Book 24 Medical meeting at Bass Lake Tuesday 1918 Had a fine time and good attendance. The following doctors were present:

W.H. Thompson & S.W. Thompson ,Winamac

Dr. Marshall "

Drs. Egan Barnfield, Logansport

Dr. Reed Gilbert "

Dr. Slonaker Culver

Drs Brown & Sweir Knox

Dr. Overmire Leiters

Dr. Wahburn Star City

Dr. Shaffer Rochester

Drs.Kelsey Wm, W.E. & A.J. Monterey

Papers were read by Dr. Shaffer and Dr. Gilbert and discussed by the society with zeal and interest to all present.

Had a splendid dinner several of the Doctors' wives were present and enjoyed the meeting and discussion. All were invited to attend the next meeting to be held at Winamac July the last Tuesday, 1918.

Page 178 Book 24 Patients: N. Hazen, Jacob Dunkelbarger, Peter Hamis,

Aug. 5, temperature 102 hot, 6, temperature 103 hot, 7, temperature 98 hot.

Destroyed the corn and young clover, very dry need rain bad. Thrashed wheat rye and oats this forenoon at red barn on Shenk place. Put the straw in the barn.

Help as follows: 2 of the Winter boys, Jo Johnson, C. Reneholt, Wes Hiland, M. Scheuer, Ketchner man on Higgens place, N. Hazen got along fine better than common as to expence.

Page 179 Book 24 Thrashed wheat rye and oats Aug. 7, 1918 Bushel of wheat,75, bushel of rye 75, bushel of oats, 75. Diltz machine. Sold the wheat for $2.10 pr bush. I kept about 40 bushels of the wheat for seed.and all the rye and oats.

W. E. Kelsey thrashed his rye in the afternoon Aug. 7, 1918 Bushels of rye.

Aug. 8. I went to Winamac this forenoon with WEK.

Aug. 15, 1918 I wrote a letter to James Shearer, Culver, Ind. in regard to his purchasing 21 head of calves. I stated to him that I would take $37.00 pr head. That there was 8 head of them that was worth $50. pr head.

I stated that there was several parties who wanted the calves and to answer early. I also stated that Zechel boys had sold to a man near Winamac 10 head for $40.00 pr head not so good last week. That the calves were drove through Monterey and that I see them.

Page 180 Book 24 Aug. James Forsyth commenced to work for me Aug. 15, 1918 for 1 month. Patients: Sam Allen, Jacob Dunkelberger, M. Vogel, Seraphan Casper, Mrs. C. Danson, Frank Keitzer to visit N. Hazen.

Aug. 16, 1918 sold my calves to Shearer for 1025 pr 100 and received check for $300.00 part pay. He is to get them after Oct. 1st, 1918 to Oct. 15, 1918 and weigh them and pay the ballance due when weighed at 1025 pr 100. I gave Shearer a written contract for same calves.

Aug. 16, 1918 Settled with Wes Hiland and paid him in full for all that was due for his work and Willie's to date Aug. 10, 1918 and bought his potatoes at the Ranch for ---- and paid him in full for same.

Page 181, Book 24 Wes Hiland moved out today Aug. 16, 1918 to Pa---- in Franklin. A good thing for me sure for him to quit. I have kept him for 14 years and if he a good thing to have. I think he should be passed around.

George Burtnell work for me up to date 4 days in August 1918.

Jo. Johnson work for 4 days one day at Monterey and 3 days in field putting up hay at Ranch. Aug. 24 last day.

Patients: Sam Allen, George Strom

Page 182 Book 24 AJK thrashed his rye 375 bush. Aug. 28, 1918.

Patients: Jacob Dunkelbarger, George Strom, 8 visits each 4.75 Lysol & sponge 1.50, AJK 4.75. Cr. by cash in full $40.25. Peter Slonaker, Frank Keitzer Trustee for Niel Hazen wife 5 visit. 2.50 & 5.00.

Page 183 Book 24 Commenced to surface cultivate the corn south of the school house and prepare same for wheat Thursday the 27, 1918. Finished the field the 29.

Commence to plow field east of the Reister barn Aug. 27 for rye.

Sept. 8, Cut oats at Ranch for hay. Sept. 10, cut millet

Sept. 10, Attended Archie Spooners sale and purchased about 950.00 of cows and other material. I do not think it wise that I purchased so much and pay such high prices for cows bought 8 head WEK and I, costing us 103 pr head average.

Sept. 11, Sent 150 to Keyer Indianapolis Revenue collector 150.00

Page 184 Book 24 Article of agreement made this the 17th day of Aprile 1917. I C. Demont have this day rented about 18 acres to grow oats the season of 1917 for hay on Dr. WmKelsey's farm in North Bend Township Stark Co., Ind. known as Kelsey's Ranch.

I agree to deliver one half of the proceeds of said acres of land in a good condition when harvested, stack well in said Dr. Kelsey's barn yard on the farm near where the oats is grown prior to the 15th day of August 1917 and remove my share from the tract of land by the 15th of August and turn over the land to said Dr. Wm Kelsey that he may have full control of same.

Said Kelsey agrees to keep the fence in repair and protect the growing crop while said Demont is growing same so far as the fence is belonging to said Kelsey.

Page 185 Book 24 Sept. 13, 1918 Frank Keitzer to visit Niel Hazen wife Theutencre miscarriage 5.00. 3 more visits each 2.00.

Commenced to seed to wheat south of the school house. Finished it the 15 Sunday. Sowed 1 bushel pr acre. About 4/5th of the ground is seeded. There is near 1 foot on the line of the corn rows not seeded.

There is 13 acres in the field 4/5th of 13 acres in the field 4/5 th of 13 acres about 10 acres. Should yield 20 bushels pr acre and make 200 bushels. Drilled it in with Arthur's one horse drill. Broke lots of corn down on account of the corn being blown down. Niel Hazen done the work on the 14 & 15 of Sept. 1918. I paid him $1.50 to finish the field on the 15th which was Sunday.

Page 186 Book 24 I intend to seed to oats on the Ranch in Stark Co. about 80. The method of preparing the land as follows I think is best. In the month of March, first cut the stocks with stock cutter. Then disk it 2 or 3 times deep so as to cut up all the stocks and vegetable matter fine and make a seed bed 4 or 5 inches deep. Then drill 11/4 bushels of good seed pr acre the last of March on about 60 acres of the land and on 10 acres 1 bushel pr acre and 10 acres 11/2 bushels pr acre. The idea of sowing or drilling different amount pr acre is to experiment and know the proper quantity pr acre.

I am of the opinion and have been for several years that sowing or drilling so much wheat, oats or rye as most all farmers do is wasting seed enough to pay for the making a good seed bed and yielding much more pr acre when 1/3 less seed was put in the ground.

I am of the opinion and have been for several years that the farming done by most all of the farmers in Indiana as well as other states is not more than half as good as it should be done and not more than 1/2 yield of crops on account of the 1/2 doing the farming carelessness and laziness coupled with a lack of knowledge is the cause of failure.

Page 187 Book 24 Method of preparing the land for clover. This next spring as follows and the quantity of clover seed sowed pr acre also the method of seeding same. Cultivation of the wheat by use of the weeder prior to seeding the land to clover.

Preparing the ground for clover seed the last of March or at anytime after the ground is in a fit condition to cultivate. I intend to use the weeder in the wheat cultivating the same way as the wheat is drilled which I am of the opinion will be of much benefit to the wheat and make a good seed bed for clover seed. After the seed bed is made for clover seed. I intend to drill 4 lbs pr acre or one bushel of clover seed to each 15 acres with the seed drill. I also intend to sow 150 lbs of land plaster pr acre broadcast sometime in month of March or Aprile. By this method of farming I expect good results. Much better than the old method as is common among farmers.

My corn ground I want to disk both ways before I plow it and harrow or disk it after it is plowed and plant earlier than common, the last of Apr. or fore part of May. 2 grains in a hill with seed corn that is graded as to size of grain and no one seed of an early variety. Cultivate the corn the very best possible.

The wheat ground should be followed as early as possible and stired or disk to the depth it is plowed and drill not more than 11/4 bushel pr acre prior to the 20th of September and draw light ---- furroughs to give good drainage to the surface.

Page 188 Book 24 New remedy for influenze which is now an epidemic commonly called Lagrippe. I discovered last evening and took 3 doses of the same myself which give me almost complete relief of all of the agravated complications in my care I having had the ailing for 10 days or more. If the preparation acts on others as in my case it will be of much benefit to mankind and be the means of curing many who take the treatment that would die prematurely by reason of the complications that result from long continued ailing.

Page 190 Book 24 What benefit has it been to the United States to have a trade relation with the allies in the European war with Germany and by reason of the trade we get into war with Germany?

What benefit has it been to the great mass of American people that one out of 1000 thousand get rich by reason of the trade with the allies in the supplying the allies with munitions of war and food products?

Is it not a fact that the high cost of living and hunger and want through the United States is due to the trade the few in the US has with the European allies now engaged in war with Germany?

Would not the people of the United States be better off without any trade with the Europeans while engaged in war from the beginning?

Is it not a fact that the United States could without any trade with the European countries in war be independent and not suffer as they now are by reason of the high cost of living due to the European war chiefly.

Is it not a fact that we are now cut off from trade relations with the Europeans who are engaged in war and can and could a thousand times better be cut off and no trade rather than have a war with Germany under existing conditions?

Is it not a fact that if we were a weak nation that we would avoid offending any power that was able to engage in war with us and destroy us or even make much trouble. Are we not now threated with war by reason of the United States being very strong and by reason of the great power playing Jack Johnson?